parallelism


parallelism
/par"euh le liz'euhm, -leuh liz'-/, n.
1. the position or relation of parallels.
2. agreement in direction, tendency, or character; the state or condition of being parallel.
3. a parallel or comparison.
4. Metaphys. the doctrine that mental and bodily processes are concomitant, each varying with variation of the other, but that there is no causal relation of interaction between the two.
[1600-10; PARALLEL + -ISM]

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      in rhetoric, component of literary style in both prose and poetry, in which coordinate ideas are arranged in phrases, sentences, and paragraphs that balance one element with another of equal importance and similar wording. The repetition of sounds, meanings, and structures serves to order, emphasize, and point out relations. In its simplest form parallelism consists of single words that have a slight variation in meaning: “ordain and establish” or “overtake and surpass.” Sometimes three or more units are parallel; for example, “Reading maketh a full man, conference a ready man, and writing an exact man” (Francis Bacon, “Of Studies”). Parallelism may be inverted for stronger emphasis; e.g., “I have changed in many things: in this I have not” (John Henry Newman, Apologia pro Vita Sua, 1864). Parallelism lends wit and authority to the antithetical aphorism; e.g., “We always love those who admire us, but we do not always love those whom we admire” (La Rochefoucauld, Maximes, 1665).

      Parallelism is a prominent figure in Hebrew poetry as well as in most literatures of the ancient Middle East. The Old Testament and New Testament, reflecting the influence of Hebrew poetry, contain many striking examples of parallelism, as in the following lines from the Psalms: “but they flattered him with their mouths; they lied to him with their tongues” (Psalms 78:36); “we will not hide them from their children, but tell to the coming generation the glorious deeds of the Lord” (78:4).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parallelism — • The balance of verse with verse, an essential and characteristic feature in Hebrew poetry. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Parallelism     Parallelism      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Parallelism — may refer to:* Angle of parallelism, the angle at one vertex of a right hyperbolic triangle that has two hyperparallel sides * Conscious parallelism, price fixing between competitors in an oligopoly that occurs without an actual spoken agreement… …   Wikipedia

  • Parallelism — Par al*lel*ism, n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to place side by side, or parallel: cf. F. parall[ e]lisme.] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality or state of being parallel. [1913 Webster] 2. Resemblance; correspondence; similarity. [1913 Webster] A close parallelism… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • parallelism — index analogy, identity (similarity), parity, propinquity (similarity) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • parallelism — (n.) c.1600, from Gk. parallelismos, from parallelizein (see PARALLEL (Cf. parallel)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • parallelism — [par′ə lel΄iz΄əm, par′ələliz΄əm] n. [Gr parallēlismos] 1. the state of being parallel 2. close resemblance; similarity 3. a) the use of parallel structure in writing b) an instance of this 4. Philos. t …   English World dictionary

  • Parallelism — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Parallelism >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 1 =>{ant,216a,} parallelism Sgm: N 1 coextension coextension Sgm: N 1 equidistance equidistance PARAG:Parallelism >Adj GRP: Adj 1 Sgm: Adj 1 parallel parallel …   English dictionary for students

  • parallelism — [[t]pæ̱rəlelɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT When there is parallelism between two things, there are similarities between them. [FORMAL] The commission sees growing parallelism between the priorities of the European Community and the United States …   English dictionary

  • parallelism — UK [ˈpærəleˌlɪz(ə)m] / US [ˈperəlelˌɪzəm] noun Word forms parallelism : singular parallelism plural parallelisms formal 1) [uncountable] the quality or state of being similar to something else 2) [countable] a quality or feature that makes… …   English dictionary

  • parallelism — 1. The state of being structurally parallel. 2. In psychology, the mind body doctrine that for every conscious process there is a corresponding or parallel organic process, without asserting a causal interrelation between the two. [para + G.… …   Medical dictionary


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