1. a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, most often attached to verbs and verbal derivatives, with the meanings "at or to one side of, beside, side by side" (parabola; paragraph; parallel; paralysis), "beyond, past, by" (paradox; paragogue); by extension from these senses, this prefix came to designate objects or activities auxiliary to or derivative of that denoted by the base word (parody; paronomasia), and hence abnormal or defective (paranoia), a sense now common in modern scientific coinages (parageusia; paralexia).
As an English prefix, para-1 may have any of these senses; it is also productive in the naming of occupational roles considered ancillary or subsidiary to roles requiring more training, or of a higher status, on such models as paramedical and paraprofessional: paralegal; paralibrarian; parapolice.
2. Chem. a combining form designating the para (1, 4) position in the benzene ring. Abbr.: p-. Cf. meta- (def. 2c), ortho- (def. 2b). See diag. under ortho-.
Also, esp. before a vowel, par-.
[ < Gk para-, comb. form repr. pará (prep.) beside, alongside of, by, beyond]
a combining form meaning "guard against," occurring in loanwords from French, or, via French, from Italian: parachute; parasol.
[ < F < It para, 3d sing. pres. of parare to prepare against, ward off < L parare to PREPARE]
a combining form extracted from parachute, forming compounds denoting persons or things utilizing parachutes or landed by parachute: paradrop; paradoctor; paraglider; paratrooper.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • para — para …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Para — may refer to:*Para , in English, is an affix of Greek and Latin origin meaning beside, near, past, beyond or contrary *Para Dog faced Bat, a bat species from South and Central America *Para Loga, one among the seven Logas (seven upper worlds) in… …   Wikipedia

  • Para — steht für: Para (Peñamellera Baja), Ort in Asturien Para (Distrikt), Distrikt in Suriname den Para (Fluss), Fluss in Suriname die Para (Russland), Fluss in Russland Para (Währungseinheit), türkische, serbische, montenegrinische und jugoslawische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pará — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pará …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pará — Symbole …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Para — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para puede referirse a: la preposición para, la posición para en un hidrocarburo aromático con dos sustituyentes. el campo Para, el primer campo de área de destinatarios de un correo electrónico Para, localidad del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Para — Para, Münze, in Serbien 1/100 Dinar = 0,8 ., in der Türkei 1/40 Piaster = 0,46 ., in Aegypten = 0,5 …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Para — En France, le nom est surtout porté dans les Hautes Alpes, où il est attesté depuis plusieurs siècles. Tout comme le savoyard Paraz, c est un toponyme avec le sens de muraille, rocher allongé et à pic, ou encore terrain disposé en terrasse. Il y… …   Noms de famille

  • Para ti — Para Ti …   Википедия

  • para- — 1 [tratto da parare ]. Primo elemento di parole composte indicanti in genere oggetti che servono a riparare, a proteggere (per es., paracadute, parapioggia ).   para 2 [dal gr. para , elemento compositivo che rappresenta la prep. pará presso,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.