paprika


paprika
/pa pree"keuh, peuh-, pah-, pap"ri keuh/, n.
1. a red, powdery condiment derived from dried, ripe sweet peppers.
adj.
2. cooked or seasoned with paprika.
[1895-1900; < Hungarian < Serbo-Croatian pàprika pepper, paprika, deriv. of papar ground pepper < Slavic *pipru, *pipri (cf. OCS pipru, Slovene péper, Czech pepr, Pol pieprz) L piper PEPPER]

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spice
 spice (spice and herb) made from the pods of Capsicum annuum, an annual shrub belonging to the nightshade family, Solanaceae, and native to tropical areas of the Western Hemisphere, including Mexico, Central America, South America, and the West Indies.

      C. annuum is cultivated throughout most of the world for its pods, often called chili peppers, or chilies. The species includes most of the sweet peppers and many of the pungent, strong-flavoured types. Depending on the variety, the pods may be 0.5 inch to 1 foot (12.5 mm to 0.3 m) in length, with a long, round, or conical shape, and yellow, brown, purple, or red colour. A spongy central column bears the flat, kidney-shaped seeds.

      Crops are planted in early spring and harvested in the summer and fall, when the pods are glossy and ripe. The pods are then dried and ground to produce paprika. When mild paprikas are made, the central core is first removed.

      Paprika has some sugar content, varying with the variety, and is richer in vitamin C than the citrus fruits. Pungency is imparted by the nitrogen compound capsaicin, which is usually lower in C. annuum than in other plants of the same genus. A colouring agent, oleoresin of paprika, is extracted from the ground pods and used to impart bright red colour to meat and sausage products and to other processed foods.

 The rose paprika of Hungary is generally considered the finest variety. It is made from choice dark red pods that have a sweet flavour and aroma. A sharper Hungarian variety, Koenigspaprika, or king's paprika, is made from the whole pepper.

      Paprika is a popular seasoning in many cuisines. Its bright colour makes it an excellent garnish for nonsweet, light-coloured foods. It is frequently used in the cooking of Spain, Mexico, and the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. It is especially associated with Hungarian (Hungary) cuisine and is essential for such hot, spicy, Hungarian stew dishes as gulyás (called goulash in the United States), pörkölt, paprikás, and tokány.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paprika — Paprika …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Paprika — Blühende Capsicum annuum Systematik Kerneudikotyledonen Asteriden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • paprika — [ paprika ] n. m. • 1922; mot hongr. ♦ Piment doux en poudre, utilisé notamment dans la cuisine hongroise. ● paprika nom masculin (hongrois paprika, poivre rouge) Condiment en poudre provenant d un piment doux cultivé en Hongrie. paprika n. m.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • paprika — páprika o paprika La voz húngara paprika (‘pimiento rojo que, reducido a polvo, se usa como condimento’) se emplea en español con dos acentuaciones, ambas válidas. La forma esdrújula páprika refleja la pronunciación etimológica y es la preferida… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • páprika — o paprika La voz húngara paprika (‘pimiento rojo que, reducido a polvo, se usa como condimento’) se emplea en español con dos acentuaciones, ambas válidas. La forma esdrújula páprika refleja la pronunciación etimológica y es la preferida en el… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Paprika — Sm std. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus serb. pàprika, dieses ist eine Weiterbildung zu serb. pàpar Pfeffer , aus l. piper n. Pfeffer (Pfeffer).    Ebenso nndl. paprika, ne. paprika, nfrz. paprika, nschw. paprika, nnorw. paprika. ✎ Bielfeldt… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • paprika — pàprika ž <D L ici, G mn pȁprīkā> DEFINICIJA bot. vrtna biljka (Capsicum annuum) iz porodice pomoćnica (Solanaceae), oblih ili izduženih plodova, ob. oštra okusa, začin ili hrana [ljuta paprika; mljevena paprika; kisela paprika]… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Paprika — (Vernouillet,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 13 rue girardin, 78540 Vernouillet, Франция …   Каталог отелей

  • paprika — statusas T sritis vaisiai ir daržovės apibrėžtis Paprikos (Capsicum) genties augalų maistinis ir prieskoninis vaisius. ryšiai: susijęs terminas – gauruotoji paprika susijęs terminas – vienametė paprika šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių kalbos… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Paprika — statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bulvinių (Solanaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Capsicum). atitikmenys: lot. Capsicum angl. paprika; red pepper vok. Paprika; Pfeffer rus. паприка; перец стручковый lenk. papryka; pieprz; pieprzowiec …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • paprika — statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bulvinių (Solanaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Capsicum). atitikmenys: lot. Capsicum angl. paprika; red pepper vok. Paprika; Pfeffer rus. паприка; перец стручковый lenk. papryka; pieprz; pieprzowiec …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas