papier-mâché


papier-mâché
/pay'peuhr meuh shay", -ma-/; Fr. /pann pyay mah shay"/, n.
1. a substance made of pulped paper or paper pulp mixed with glue and other materials or of layers of paper glued and pressed together, molded when moist to form various articles, and becoming hard and strong when dry.
adj.
2. made of papier-mâché.
3. easily destroyed or discredited; false, pretentious, or illusory: a papier-mâché façade of friendship.
Also, paper-mâché.
[1745-55; < F: lit., chewed paper]

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      repulped paper that has been mixed with glue or paste so that it can be molded. The art of making articles of papier-mâché, beautifully decorated in Oriental motifs and handsomely lacquered, was known in the East centuries before its introduction in Europe. Molded-paper products were first made in France in the early part of the 18th century and, later, in Germany and England. Different processes were used; for instance, several sheets of paper glued together could be pressure molded into such articles as trays and furniture panels. Although production has declined since the 19th century, papier-mâché is still used for toys, masks, model scenic materials, and the like.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Papier-mâché — (French for chewed up paper because of its appearance), sometimes called paper mâché, is a construction material that consists of pieces of paper, sometimes reinforced with textiles, stuck together using a wet paste (e.g., glue, starch, or… …   Wikipedia

  • Papier-mâché — La réalisation d un cochon en papier mâché Le papier mâché est un matériau de construction composé de plusieurs morceaux de papier, auxquels on ajoute parfois des morceaux de textile pour le rendre plus solide, qui sont assemblés par une colle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Papier mache — Papier mâché La réalisation d un cochon en papier mâché Le papier mâché est un matériau de construction composé de plusieurs morceaux de papier, auxquels on ajoute parfois des morceaux de textile pour le rendre plus solide, qui sont assemblés par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Papier maché — Papier mâché La réalisation d un cochon en papier mâché Le papier mâché est un matériau de construction composé de plusieurs morceaux de papier, auxquels on ajoute parfois des morceaux de textile pour le rendre plus solide, qui sont assemblés par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • papier-mache — (n.) also papier mache, 1753, from Fr. papier máché, lit. chewed paper, from O.Fr. papier paper (see PAPER (Cf. paper) (n.)) + máché compressed, mashed, from pp. of mácher, lit. to chew, from L.L. masticare masticate (see MAS …   Etymology dictionary

  • papier-mâché — [pā′pər mə shā′] n. [Fr papier, paper + mâché, pp. of mâcher (L masticare), to chew] a material made of paper pulp mixed with size, glue, etc., that is easily molded when moist and that dries strong and hard adj. made of papier mâché …   English World dictionary

  • Papier maché — (fr., spr. Papiëhmascheh), durch Zerkleinerung der Lumpen etc. entstandenes Papierzeug, welches nicht in Bogen verwandelt, sondern zu verschiedenen anderen Gegenständen gestaltet u. verarbeitet wird, z.B. zu Puppenköpfen, Figuren, Basreliefs,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Papier mâché — (papieh mascheh), eine aus zerstoßenem Papier, auch grobem Papierzeug (s. Papier), Kreide, Gyps, Leim etc. bereitete plastische Masse, die durch Pressen in Formen zu Dosen, Schmucksachen, Figuren etc. verwendet wird, mit Bemalung und Ueberzug von …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Papier mâché — ● Papier mâché papier détrempé, plus ou moins réduit en pâte et qui, allié à de la colle, de la poix, etc., se prête à être moulé. (On en a fait des sculptures au XVIIIe s., des petits meubles au XIXe s.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • papier mâché — a kind of paper pulp, should be spelt with the two accents as shown, but is otherwise regarded as naturalized …   Modern English usage

  • papier mâché — ► NOUN ▪ a malleable mixture of paper and glue that becomes hard when dry. ORIGIN French, chewed paper …   English terms dictionary


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