Fès


Fès
Fès [fes]
var. of FEZ

* * *

Fès (fĕs)
See Fez.

* * *

or Fez Arabic Fās

City (pop., 1994: 541,162), northern Morocco.

The oldest of Morocco's four imperial cities, it was founded on opposite banks of the Wadi Fès by Idrīs I с 789 and Idrīs II с 809. The two parts were united by the Almoravid dynasty in the 11th century to become a major Islamic city. Fès reached its zenith under the Marinid dynasty as a centre of learning and commerce in the mid-14th century and has kept its religious primacy through the ages. The site of the oldest mosque in northern Africa, it is also the seat of an Islamic university founded in 859. A centre for trade and traditional crafts, it was until the late 19th century the only place where the fez hat was made.

* * *

also spelled  Fez , Arabic  Fās 
  city, northern Morocco, on the Wadi Fès just above its influx into the Sebou River.

 The oldest of Morocco's four imperial cities, it was founded on the banks of the Wadi Fès by Idrīs I (Idrīsid dynasty) (east bank, about 789) and Idrīs II (west bank, about 809). The two parts were united by the Almoravids in the 11th century to become a major Islamic city. Fès reached its zenith as a centre of learning and commerce under the Marīnids (Marīnid dynasty) in the mid-14th century and has kept its religious primacy through the ages. The Treaty of Fès (March 30, 1912) established the French protectorate in Morocco.

  The city is almost completely surrounded by low hills covered with olive groves and orchards. The ancient battlements of Fès, flanked by stone towers, still partly enclose the old city, which is known as the Fès el-Bali. The old city contains the Qarawīyīn Mosque, the oldest mosque in northern Africa, and is the seat both of a famous Islamic university (founded 859) and of the Sidi Mohammed ibn Abdellah University (founded 1974); it is also the sanctuary (zāwiyah) of Idrīs I and houses the tomb of Idrīs II. The old city also contains a number of well-preserved funduqs (caravansaries). The Fès el-Jedid (New Fès) section of the city, founded in the 13th century by the Marīnids, contains the Royal Palace and the adjoining Great Mosque, which is noted for its 13th-century polychrome minaret. Just south of the Royal Palace is the Mellah, or Jewish quarter; many of the Jewish goldsmiths, silversmiths, and jewelers who once lived there immigrated to Israel in the decades following the founding of the Jewish state (1948). The modern section of the city, the Ville Nouvelle, lies on a plateau to the southwest; it was founded by Marshal L.-H.-G. Lyautey (Lyautey, Louis-Hubert-Gonzalve) of France in 1916. The city's industrial quarter is in this district, near the railway station.

 Fès is a centre for trade and traditional crafts, and until the late 19th century it was the only place in the world where the fez (brimless red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone) was made. Most of the city's traditional crafts, such as leatherwork and pottery making, are practiced in the narrow, winding streets of the old city and are sold in that section's traditional marketplaces, or sūqs. Tourism is a major industry in Fès. The old city was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981. Fès has an international airport. The area in which Fès is situated produces cereals (primarily wheat), beans, olives, and grapes; sheep, goats, and cattle are also raised. Pop. (2004) 946,815.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fès — فـاس Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fès — Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FÈS — Chef lieu de province du Maroc, située au nord ouest du pays sur le plateau du Saïs entre les chaînons prérifains et le causse du Moyen Atlas, Fès (Fas en arabe) occupe une position remarquable: à la croisée des routes allant de Rabat à Oujda et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • fes — FES, fesuri, s.n. Acoperământ al capului pentru bărbaţi, de forma unui trunchi de con, făcut din pâslă sau postav (roşu) şi adesea împodobit cu un ciucure, purtat mai ales de musulmani. ♢ expr. (fam.) Interesul poartă fesul, se spune la adresa… …   Dicționar Român

  • fes — f. fois. A la fes : à la fois. De fes, de fes que i a : parfois, quelquefois ; il peut se faire que. De bèlei fes : bien des fois. Una fes per totei : une fois pour toutes… Aquesta fes : cette fois > « Soulamen, aquesto fes, la prenguè touto… …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu

  • Fes [1] — Fes (ital. Fa bemolle, franz. Fa bémol, engl. F. flat), das durch ♭ erniedrigte F. Der Fes dur Akkord = fes as ces; der Fes moll Akkord = fes asas ces …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • FES — may refer to: * Fes, Morocco, also known as Fez, a city in Morocco * Persona 3 FES, an add on disk for Shin Megami Tensei:Persona 3.FES is a three letter acronym that may refer to:* Functional electrical stimulation, a neurological treatment… …   Wikipedia

  • Fes — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fes [3] — Fes (Fez, arab. Fâs), eine der bei den Haupt und Residenzstädte des Sultanats in Marokko unter 34°6 nördl. Br. und 4°52 westl. L., 195 km südöstlich von Tanger, 350 m ü. M., am wasserreichen Ued Fes, auf einer Hochebene zwischen den nördlichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fes — der; [es], [e] <aus gleichbed. türk. fes; <nach der marokkanischen Stadt Fes (arab. Fās), wo diese Kopfbedeckung vermutlich zuerst hergestellt wurde> bes. in islamischen Ländern getragene kegelstumpfförmige rote Filzkappe …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.