Ostend Manifesto


Ostend Manifesto
a declaration (1854) issued from Ostend, Belgium, by the U.S. ministers to England, France, and Spain, stating that the U.S. would be justified in seizing Cuba if Spain did not sell it to the U.S.

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(1854) Secret document written by U.S. diplomats at Ostend, Belg.

, describing a plan to acquire Cuba from Spain. On orders from U.S. secretary of state William Marcy, three U.S. diplomats
minister to Britain James Buchanan, minister to France John Y. Mason, and minister to Spain Pierre Soulé
devised a plan to purchase or, if necessary, seize Cuba for the U.S. Publication of the aggressively worded document, and Soulé's advocacy of slavery, caused Marcy to denounce it.

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▪ United States history
      (Oct. 18, 1854), communication from three U.S. diplomats to Secretary of State William L. Marcy (Marcy, William L), advocating U.S. seizure of Cuba from Spain; the incident marked the high point of the U.S. expansionist drive in the Caribbean in the 1850s. After Pierre Soulé, U.S. minister to Spain, had failed in his mission to secure the purchase of Cuba (1853), Marcy directed James Buchanan (Buchanan, James), minister to Great Britain, and John Y. Mason, minister to France, to confer with Soulé at Ostend, Belg. Their dispatch urged U.S. seizure of Cuba if the U.S. possessed the power and if Spain refused the sale. This action stemmed both from fear of a slave revolt in Cuba similar to that in Haiti and from a desire to expand U.S. slave territory. Their proposals, couched in intemperate language, were rejected, and when contents of the dispatch leaked out, the Republican press branded it as a “manifesto” appealing to Southern opinion.

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Universalium. 2010.

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