orthodox


orthodox
orthodoxly, adv.orthodoxness, n.
/awr"theuh doks'/, adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or conforming to the approved form of any doctrine, philosophy, ideology, etc.
2. of, pertaining to, or conforming to beliefs, attitudes, or modes of conduct that are generally approved.
3. customary or conventional, as a means or method; established.
4. sound or correct in opinion or doctrine, esp. theological or religious doctrine.
5. conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early church.
6. (cap.) of, pertaining to, or designating the Eastern Church, esp. the Greek Orthodox Church.
7. (cap.) of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Orthodox Jews or Orthodox Judaism.
[1575-85; < LL orthodoxus right in religion < LGk orthódoxos, equiv. to ortho- ORTHO- + dóx(a) belief, opinion + -os adj. suffix]
Syn. 3. traditional, commonplace, routine, fixed.

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(as used in expressions)
Orthodox Catholic Church

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▪ religious doctrine
      (from Greek orthodoxos, “of the right opinion”), true doctrine and its adherents as opposed to heterodox or heretical (heresy) doctrines and their adherents. The word was first used in early 4th-century Christianity by the Greek Fathers. Because almost every Christian group believes that it holds the true faith (though not necessarily exclusively), the meaning of “orthodox” in a particular instance can be correctly determined only after examination of the context in which it appears.

      It forms part of the official title of the Greek-speaking church (Eastern Orthodox Church) and those in communion with it (Russian Orthodox Church). Also including orthodox as part of their titles are some of the smaller Eastern churches, which separated from the rest of Christendom in the 5th century as a result of the Monophysite controversy concerning the question of two natures in Christ.

      Within Judaism, Orthodox Judaism represents a form of religious belief and practice that adheres most strictly to ancient tradition. Orthodox Judaism, consequently, rejects the view held by modern Reform Judaism that the Bible and other sacred Jewish writings contain not only eternally valid moral principles but also historically and culturally conditioned interpretations of the Law that may be legitimately abandoned. For Orthodox Jews, therefore, the Law is immutably fixed and remains the sole norm of religious observance. Strictly speaking, the term Orthodox does not refer to doctrinal affirmations but to the observance of Torah, the Law.

      The term is also used to distinguish true Islamic doctrine from heretical teachings, such as those of the Muʿtazilites.

      Orthodox is also applied to a certain type of Protestantism that was dominant in Europe in the 17th century; it has also been used to refer to theologically and biblically conservative Christians. The term evangelical orthodoxy is commonly applied to Protestant Christianity that insists on the full or literal authority and inerrancy of the Bible. In a nonreligious sense, the accepted views held by any unified body of opinion or in any field of study are referred to as orthodox.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
(in religious opinions),


Look at other dictionaries:

  • orthodox — orthodox …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Orthodox — Or tho*dox, a. [L. orthodoxus, Gr. orqo doxos; orqo s right, true + do xa opinion, dokei^n to think, seem; cf. F. orthodoxe. See {Ortho }, {Dogma}.] 1. Sound in opinion or doctrine, especially in religious doctrine; hence, holding the Christian… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • orthodox — ► ADJECTIVE 1) conforming with traditional or generally accepted beliefs. 2) conventional; normal. 3) (Orthodox) relating to Orthodox Judaism or the Orthodox Church. DERIVATIVES orthodoxly adverb. ORIGIN Greek orthodoxos, from doxa opinion …   English terms dictionary

  • orthodox — [ôr′thə däks΄] adj. [< Fr or LL: Fr orthodoxe < LL orthōdoxus < LGr(Ec) orthodoxos, orthodox (in religion) < Gr orthos (see ORTHO ) + doxa, opinion < dokein, to think: see DECENT] 1. conforming to the usual beliefs or established… …   English World dictionary

  • orthodox — UK US /ˈɔːθədɒks/ adjective ► traditional, and accepted by most people: »Orthodox economic theory has failed to explain the role of technological change in society. »orthodox strategies for socio economic development in developing countries →… …   Financial and business terms

  • orthodox — Adj std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. orthodoxus rechtgläubig , dieses aus gr. orthódoxos, zu gr. orthós richtig, recht, gerecht und gr. dóxa Meinung, Glaube , weiter zu gr. dokeĩn glauben, meinen , das mit l. docēre lehren, unterrichten …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Orthodox — Órthodóx, S. Rechtgläubig …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Orthodox — Orthodox, rechtgläubig, altgläubig, streng in Auslegung und Anwendung von hergebrachten Grundsätzen und Lehren, besonders in Religionssachen. B–l …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • orthodox — I adjective accepting, according to custom, according to regulation, according to rule, according to the book, accustomed, acknowledged, approved, believing, bound by convention, canonical, common, commonplace, compliant, conformable, conforming …   Law dictionary

  • orthodox — 1580s, from L.L. orthodoxus, from Gk. orthodoxos having the right opinion, from orthos right, true, straight (see ORTHO (Cf. ortho )) + doxa opinion, praise, from dokein to seem, from PIE root *dek to take, accept (see DECENT (C …   Etymology dictionary

  • orthodox — »rechtgläubig, strenggläubig; der strengen Lehrmeinung gemäß; der herkömmlichen Anschauung entsprechend«, auch übertragen gebraucht im Sinne von »starr, unnachgiebig«: Das Adjektiv wurde im 16. Jh. aus spätlat. orthodoxus entlehnt, das… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch


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