Oromo


Oromo
/aw roh"moh/, n., pl. Oromos, (esp. collectively) Oromo for 1.
1. a member of a nomadic, pastoral people of Ethiopia and Kenya.
2. the Cushitic language of the Oromo. Also called Galla.

* * *

Major ethnic group of Ethiopia, numbering more than 20 million, or nearly one-third of the population, and occupying much of its central and south-central regions.

They speak a Cushitic language of the Afroasiatic family. They are a diverse group, having assimilated and intermarried with other peoples since the 16th century. Traditionally the Oromo were nomadic herders, but today most are settled agriculturalists. Politically they are largely subjugated to the dominant Amhara. In religion they are divided among Islam, the Ethiopian Orthodox faith, and traditional beliefs.

* * *

people
also called  (pejorative) Galla 

      one of the two largest ethnolinguistic groups of Ethiopia, constituting nearly one-third of the population and speaking a language of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic (formerly Hamito-Semitic) family. Originally confined to the southeast of the country, they migrated in waves of invasions in the 16th century AD. They occupied all of southern Ethiopia, with some settling along the Tana River in Kenya; most of the central and western Ethiopian provinces, including the southern parts of the Amhara region; and, farther north, the Welo and Tigre regions near Eritrea. Wherever the Oromo settled in these physically disparate areas, they assimilated local customs and intermarried to such an extent that the Oromo people's original cultural cohesiveness was largely lost. Also, the resultant political division of the Oromo facilitated their own eventual subjugation by the people whom they had driven northward, the Amhara, the other major ethnolinguistic group in Ethiopia.

      The Oromo pursued pastoralism before the great migration, and this way of life still prevails for the great numbers of people in the southern provinces. In the east and north, however, long mingling and intermarrying with the Sidamo and Amhara resulted in the adoption of a sedentary agriculture.

      The southern groups, such as the Arusi and Boran (Borana) Oromo, have remained pagan, believing in a sky god. They have retained virtually intact the gada, or highly formalized age-set system (a system in which all members of society are included in separate age groups for life). These traditions have been diluted in the north, where the Oromo are either Muslim or Ethiopian Orthodox Christian and where many Oromo have, through acculturation, become social equals to the dominant Amhara. The influence of the Oromo increased after the Ethiopian revolution of 1974.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oromo — Oromo,   Gạlla, äthiopides Volk im westlichen, zentralen und südlichen Äthiopien sowie in weiten, dünn besiedelten Gebieten Kenias (vom zentralen Norden bis nahe der Mündung des Tana). Die etwa 19 Mio. Oromo, davon 18,7 Mio. in Äthiopien und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Oromo — bezeichnet: Oromo (Volk), ein Volk in Äthiopien, Afrika Oromo (Sprache), die Sprache der Oromo Siehe auch: Oromo People’s Congress (abgekürzt OPC; Oromo: KUO), politische Partei in Äthiopien Diese …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • oromo — ● oromo nom masculin Synonyme de galla. ● oromo (synonymes) nom masculin Synonymes : galla Oromo ou Galla peuple d éthiopie, largement islamisé (18 500 000 personnes). Ils parlent des langues couchitiques, notam. le galla, ou oromo. En effet, ils …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Oromo — may refer to: Oromo people, an ethnic group in East Africa Oromo language, a Cushitic language spoken by the Oromo people Orama, a Central Asian food See also Oromia Region This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the sa …   Wikipedia

  • Oromo — [ō rō′mō] n. [self designation ] 1. pl. Oromos or Oromo a member of a people of S Ethiopia and neighboring regions 2. the Cushitic language of this people …   English World dictionary

  • oromo — òromo m DEFINICIJA lingv. jezik kušitske grane afrazijskih jezika, govori se u Etiopiji; gȁla …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Oromo — Los oromo constituyen un grupo étnico asentado en Etiopía y en algunas regiones de Kenia. La etnia oromo, con unos 30 millones de miembros, es la más numerosa de Etiopía (alrededor del 40% de la población total del país), aunque ha estado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oromo — noun (plural Oromos or Oromo) Etymology: Oromo (western dialect) oromoo, a self designation, probably from obsolete plural of orma person, stranger Date: 1893 1. a member of a Cushitic speaking people of southern Ethiopia and adjacent parts of… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Oromo — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. La langue oromo est langue parlée par le peuple Oromo. Le peuple Oromo est un peuple vivant en majorité dans la région Oromia. Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oromo — ISO 639 3 Code : orm ISO 639 2/B Code : orm ISO 639 2/T Code : orm ISO 639 1 Code : om Scope : Macrolanguage Language Type : Living Individual languages : Identifier : gax Name: Borana Arsi Guji Oromo Individual languages : Identifier : gaz Name …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3