/awr'euh zah"beuh, ohr'-/; Sp. /aw'rddee sah"vah/, n.
1. Also called Citlaltepetl. an inactive volcano in SE Mexico, in Veracruz state. 18,546 ft. (5653 m).
2. a city near this peak. 108,283.

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      city, west-central Veracruz estado (state), east-central Mexico. It lies in a fertile, well-drained, and temperate valley of the Sierra Madre Oriental, over which towers Citlaltépetl (Pico de Orizaba, Volcano) (also called Pico de Orizaba), a snowcapped volcano. The town was founded by Spaniards in the 16th century on the former site of an Aztec garrison called Ahuaializapan (“Pleasant Waters”) to guard strategic routes linking the port of Veracruz and Mexico City. Chartered as a city in 1774, Orizaba was licensed under crown monopoly to produce tobacco and was one of the first Mexican textile centres. Its public buildings reflect its long colonial past. It is an agricultural centre (producing tobacco, corn [maize], sugarcane, and cereals), an industrial centre, and a tourist resort. It is accessible by highway and railroad. In August 1973 a severe earthquake, centred near the city, caused many deaths and widespread destruction. Pop. (2000) 118,552; (2005) urban agglom., 381,086.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orizaba — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Orizaba — Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Orizaba — (volcan d ) point culminant du Mexique (5 700 m), dominant la ville d Orizaba (115 000 hab.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Orizaba —   [ori zaβa], Stadt im Bundesstaat Veracruz, Mexiko, 1 230 1 290 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 567 200 Einwohner; in einem fruchtbaren Tal der Sierra Madre Oriental, über dem sich der Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl) erhebt, gelegen; Technikum; Textil …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Orizāba — Orizāba, 1) Departement des mexicanischen Staates Veracruz; 90,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadtdarin, 12 Kirchen, Wollen u. Baumwollenmanufacturen, Tabaksbau; 16,000 Ew.; 3) Cordillerenzweig daselbst mit dem Vulkan Citlaltepetl …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Orizába [1] — Orizába (Pik von O., aztekisch Citlaltépetl, »Sternberg«), einer der höchsten Berge Nordamerikas, in Mexiko, 28 km nordwestlich der Stadt O., am Ostrande der Hochebene von Anahuac, hat die Gestalt einer schönen Pyramide, deren Fuß von herrlichem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orizába [2] — Orizába, Stadt im mexikan. Staate Veracruz, unter 18°50´ nördl. Br., 1227 m ü. M., an der Eisenbahn von Veracruz nach Mexiko, inmitten üppiger Gärten, angesichts des schneegekrönten Piks von O., hat zahlreiche Kirchen, 2 Hospitäler, eine höhere… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orizaba — Orizāba, Stadt im mexik. Staate Veracruz, (1900) 32.894 E., 10 km nordwestl. der Citlaltepetl oder Pico de O., Volcan de San Andres, 5550 m …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orizaba — [ō̂΄rē sä′bä] 1. volcanic mountain in SE Mexico; highest mountain in Mexico: 18,700 ft (5,700 m) 2. city at the foot of this mountain, in Veracruz state: pop. 114,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Orizaba — Der 1894 von Brüssel verschiffte Palacio de Hierro …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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