orienteering


orienteering
/awr'ee en tear"ing, ohr'-/, n.
a competitive sport, originating in Sweden, that tests the skills of map reading and cross-country running, in which competitors race through an unknown area to find various checkpoints by using only a compass and topographical map, the winner being the finisher with the lowest elapsed time.
[alter. of Sw orientering (conformed to -EER), equiv. to orienter(a) ORIENT (v.) + -ing -ING1]

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Cross-country footrace in which each participant uses a map and compass to navigate between checkpoints along an unfamiliar course.

Introduced in Sweden in 1918, it later spread throughout Europe. World championships have been held since 1966. Runners set out at intervals; the winner is the runner who completes the course in the fastest time. Orienteering is also practiced by cyclists, canoeists, horseback riders, and skiers.

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sport
      outdoor competitive sport that is similar to cross-country running, but with emphasis on map-reading and direction-finding skills. Through woods and over hills or rough plains, contestants plot courses between isolated control points that must usually be visited in sequence. Introduced in Sweden in 1918, orienteering had its first success in Scandinavia but later spread throughout Europe, culminating in the establishment of an International Orienteering Federation in 1961, with European championships held from 1962 and world championships from 1966. National orienteering federations were established in Canada in 1968 and in the United States in 1971. The sport has numerous enthusiasts in North America, where approximately 100 local orienteering clubs and associations sponsor between them more than 600 total days of competitions annually.

      In orienteering, competitors study a master map of the course at the common starting point, and may copy control positions on individual maps; they also study a list and description of the controls. Maps used are of a 1:15,000 scale, with 5-m (16.4-ft) contour intervals, though other scales and vertical intervals may be allowed in certain competitions. Selecting their routes according to terrain, competitors must choose between more direct courses with obstacles such as water, marshes, woods, and hills, and more circuitous routes with easier passage. Runners set out from the starting point at intervals of one to five minutes, using map and compass to locate, check in, and stamp or punch their cards at controls indicated by orange and white marking flags, which may be from a few hundred yards to a mile apart. The winner is the runner who completes the course in the fastest time.

      Variations of orienteering include line orienteering, in which the competitors follow the same route, visiting controls that can be found only by accurately adhering to the route; route orienteering, in which the route is marked not on a master map but on the ground itself and in which contestants must indicate the position of the controls on their own maps; and score orienteering, in which controls, which may be visited in any order, are set up in a selected area, with a point value assigned to each according to its distance or difficulty of location. Orienteering may also be practiced by cyclists, canoeists, and horseback riders. In Scandinavia, skiers practice a popular variation of the sport.

      Rogaining is the team version of competitive orienteering. Teams of two to five orienteers traverse a predetermined course of control points for a period of 12 hours or more, over distances of up to 100 km (62 mi).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • orienteering — in reference to a competitive sport, 1948, from ORIENT (Cf. orient) (v.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • orienteering — ► NOUN ▪ a competitive sport in which runners have to find their way across rough country with the aid of a map and compass. DERIVATIVES orienteer noun & verb …   English terms dictionary

  • orienteering — [ôr΄ē en tir′iŋ, ōr΄ē en tir′iŋ] n. [< Swed orientering, lit., orientation] a timed cross country competition in which runners follow a course, using compass and map …   English World dictionary

  • Orienteering — This article is about the sport of orienteering. For the way it is practiced in Scouting and the armed forces, see Orienteering (Scouting) The international orienteering symbol Orienteering is a family of sports that requires navigational skills… …   Wikipedia

  • Orienteering — Orientierungsläufer beim Stempeln eines Postens Der Orientierungslauf (kurz OL) ist eine Laufsportart, die aus zwei Komponenten besteht: dem Orientieren und dem Laufen. Beim Orientierungslauf werden mit Hilfe von Karte und Kompass bestimmte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • orienteering — [[t]ɔ͟ːrientɪ͟ərɪŋ[/t]] N UNCOUNT Orienteering is a sport in which people run from one place to another, using a compass and a map to guide them between points that are marked along the route …   English dictionary

  • orienteering — n. type of wilderness race in which contestants must run through an unfamiliar territory and find checkpoints using only a map and compassor·i·en·teer·ing || ‚ɔrɪen tɪrɪŋ /‚ɔːrɪen tɪərɪŋn. cross country racer who runs through… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • orienteering — orientavimasis statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Sudedamoji orientavimosi sporto dalis – savo buvimo vietos pasaulio šalių ir aplinkos atžvilgiu nustatymas: vietovės atpažinimas pagal žinomus požymius ir orientyrus, savo ir… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • orienteering — orientavimasis statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Tikslingas savo veiklos arba elgesio kreipimas tam tikra linkme, perdirbus gautą informaciją. kilmė plg. orientacija atitikmenys: angl. orienteering vok. Orientierung, f rus.… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • orienteering — noun Etymology: modification of Swedish orientering, from orientera to orient Date: 1948 a cross country race in which each participant uses a map and compass to navigate between checkpoints along an unfamiliar course …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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