orient


orient
orienter, n.
n., adj. /awr"ee euhnt, -ee ent', ohr"-/; v. /awr"ee ent', ohr"-/, n.
1. the Orient,
a. the countries of Asia, esp. East Asia.
b. (formerly) the countries to the E of the Mediterranean.
2. Jewelry.
a. an orient pearl.
b. the iridescence of a pearl.
3. the east; the eastern region of the heavens or the world.
v.t.
4. to adjust with relation to, or bring into due relation to surroundings, circumstances, facts, etc.
5. to familiarize (a person) with new surroundings or circumstances, or the like: lectures designed to orient the new students.
6. to place in any definite position with reference to the points of the compass or other locations: to orient a building north and south.
7. to direct or position toward a particular object: Orient it toward that house.
8. to determine the position of in relation to the points of the compass; get the bearings of.
9. to place so as to face the east, esp. to build (a church) with the chief altar to the east and the chief entrance to the west.
10. Survey. to set (the horizontal circle of a surveying instrument) so that readings give correct azimuths.
11. Math. to assign to (a surface) a constant, outward direction at each point.
v.i.
12. to turn toward the east or in any specified direction.
adj.
13. (of a gem or pearl) exceptionally fine and lustrous; oriental.
14. Archaic. rising or appearing, esp. as from below the horizon: the orient sun.
[1350-1400; ME < MF < L orient- (s. of oriens) the east, sunrise, n. use of prp. of oriri to rise; see -ENT]
Syn. 5. accustom, relate, orientate.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • orient — [ ɔrjɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1080; lat. oriens, p. prés. de oriri « surgir, se lever » I ♦ 1 ♦ Poét. Côté de l horizon où le soleil se lève. ⇒ levant; est. L orient et l occident. Fig. « Tant de choses éclatantes ont eu leur orient et leur couchant »… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Orient — (von lat. oriens ‚Osten‘, ‚Morgen‘, dies Partizip Präsens von oriri‚ aufgehen, sich erheben‘; eigentlich sol oriens, ‚aufgehende Sonne‘), später auch Morgenland genannt, ist dem Okzident (Abendland, von occidens sol, ‚untergehende Sonne‘), der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orient — Watch Co. Ltd …   Википедия

  • orient — ORIENT. s. m. Le point du Ciel, la partie du Ciel où le Soleil se leve sur l horison. L orient d esté. l orient d hyver. On dit, qu Un pays est à l orient de l autre, pour dire, qu Il est situé du costé de l Orient à son égard. La Suisse est à l… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Orient — Orient, NY U.S. Census Designated Place in New York Population (2000): 709 Housing Units (2000): 673 Land area (2000): 5.092565 sq. miles (13.189682 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.025585 sq. miles (2.656254 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.118150 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • orient — ORIÉNT s.n. Unul dintre cele patru puncte cardinale, situat în direcţia în care răsare soarele; răsărit, est; p. ext. spaţiul geografic situat la est faţă de un punct de referinţă (îndeosebi Asia şi estul Africii); nume generic pentru ţările sau… …   Dicționar Român

  • orient — orient, oriental Both words now sound dated and have an exotic 18c or 19c aura more associated with the world of empire and romantic adventure than with factual description. In ordinary writing it is often better to use more neutral terms such as …   Modern English usage

  • Orient — Sm std. (12. Jh.), mhd. orient Entlehnung. Ist entlehnt aus l. oriēns (orientis), Partizip von l. orīrī sich erheben, aufgehen , wohl aus Wendungen wie l. in oriente sōle in Richtung der aufgehenden Sonne . Einwohnerbezeichnung: Orientale;… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Orient — O ri*ent ([=o] r[i^]*ent), a. [F., fr. L. oriens, entis, p. pr. of oriri to rise. See {Origin}.] 1. Rising, as the sun. [1913 Webster] Moon, that now meet st the orient sun. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Eastern; oriental. The orient part. Hakluyt.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orĭent — (lat.), zunächst die Himmelsgegend, wo die Sonne scheinbar ausgeht, der Osten oder Morgen; dann soviel wie Morgenland, im Gegensatz zum Abendland (s. Okzident). Obwohl der Begriff O. im Laufe der Geschichte je nach dem Standpunkte des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • orient — (v.) c.1727, originally to arrange facing east, from Fr. s orienter to take one s bearings, lit. to face the east (also the source of Ger. orientierung), from O.Fr. orient east, from L. orientum (see ORIENT (Cf. Orient) (n.)). Meaning determine… …   Etymology dictionary


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