oriel


oriel
/awr"ee euhl, ohr"-/, n.
1. a bay window, esp. one cantilevered or corbeled out from a wall.
2. (in medieval architecture) a large bay window of a hall or chamber.
[1350-1400; ME < AF oriol porch, passage, gallery, perh. < < L aureolus gilded]

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Bay window in an upper story, supported from below by projecting corbels.

Usually semihexagonal or rectangular in plan, oriels first became prevalent early in the 15th century. They were often placed over gateways or entrances to manor houses and public buildings of the late Gothic and Tudor periods. In cities of North Africa and the Middle East, the moucharaby is an oriel that uses grills or lattices in place of glass and shutters. See also brise-soleil.

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 in architecture, a bay window in an upper story, supported from below by projecting corbels, or brackets of stone or wood. Usually semi-hexagonal or rectangular in plan, oriels first became prevalent early in the 15th century and were a popular way of making the most of sunlight in a northern country such as Great Britain. They were often placed over gateways or entrances to manor houses and public buildings of the late Gothic and Tudor periods. They became popular again during the revivals of these styles in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oriel — d une maison de Turckheim, en Alsace. Un oriel (bay window ou bow window par anglicisme) est une avancée en encorbellement aménagée sur un ou plusieurs niveaux d une façade. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • oriel — [ ɔrjɛl ] n. m. • 1879; de l angl. oriel window « fenêtre sous une galerie, un auvent », a. fr. oriol, o. i., « porche » ♦ Fenêtre en encorbellement faisant saillie sur un mur de façade. Recomm. offic. pour bay window, bow window. ● oriel nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Oriel — O ri*el, n. [OF. oriol gallery, corridor, LL. oriolum portico, hall, prob. fr. L. aureolus gilded, applied to an apartment decorated with gilding. See {Oriole}.] [Formerly written also {oriol}, {oryal}, {oryall}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A gallery for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • oriel — ► NOUN ▪ a large upper storey bay with a window (an oriel window), supported by brackets or on corbels. ORIGIN Old French oriol gallery …   English terms dictionary

  • oriel — large recessed window, mid 14c., from O.Fr. oriol, perhaps from M.L. oriolum porch, gallery (mid 13c.), perhaps from V.L. *auraeolum, dissimilated from a dim. of L. aulaeum curtain. Despite much research, the sense evolution remains obscure …   Etymology dictionary

  • oriel — *window, casement, dormer …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • oriel — [ōr′ē əl, ôr′ē əl] n. [OFr oriol < ML oriolum, porch, gallery] a large window built out from a wall and resting on a bracket or a corbel; bay window …   English World dictionary

  • Oriel — An oriel window is a type of bay window which projects from a wall. Oriel may also refer to: Places in the United Kingdom: Oriel College, Oxford Oriel Street, Oxford Oriel Square, Oxford Oriel Chambers, Liverpool Places in Ireland: Oriel Park,… …   Wikipedia

  • Oriel — This is an Olde English surname of truly ancient origins. It originates from the pre 7th century Anglo Saxon compound baptismal name Aurildis , translating as fire strife . This was a typical name of the Dark Ages, when parents gave their… …   Surnames reference

  • Oriel — Airgíalla (auch Airgialla, Uriel, Orial, Orgialla, Orgiall, Oryallia, Ergallia) wird in heutigem Irisch Oirialla und auf englisch: Oriel genannt. Oriel war eine irische Föderation und ein irischens Königreich, das im 7. Jahrhundert entstand. Es… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • oriel — n. 1 a large polygonal recess built out usu. from an upper storey and supported from the ground or on corbels. 2 (in full oriel window) a any of the windows in an oriel. b the projecting window of an upper storey. Etymology: ME f. OF oriol… …   Useful english dictionary


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