Orestes


Orestes
/aw res"teez, oh res"-/, n.
1. Class. Myth. the son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, and the brother of Electra and Iphigenia: he avenged the murder of Agamemnon by killing Clytemenestra and her lover, Aegisthus, then was pursued by the Furies until saved by Athena.
2. (italics) a tragedy (408 B.C.) by Euripides.

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In Greek mythology, the son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra.

According to Homer, Orestes was away when his father returned from Troy to meet his death at the hands of Aegisthus, his wife's lover. On reaching manhood, Orestes avenged his father by killing Aegisthus and Clytemnestra. Aeschylus's dramatic trilogy the Oresteia recounts the murder and the pursuit of Orestes by the Furies for the crime of matricide. In Euripides' Iphigeneia in Tauris, Orestes is reunited with his sister Iphigeneia and regains his father's kingdom.

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 in Greek mythology, son of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae (or Argos), and his wife, Clytemnestra. According to Homer, Orestes was away when his father returned from Troy to meet his death at the hands of Aegisthus, his wife's lover. On reaching manhood, Orestes avenged his father by killing Aegisthus and Clytemnestra.

      According to the poet Stesichorus, Orestes was a small child at the time of Agamemnon's murder and was smuggled to safety by his nurse. Clytemnestra was warned of impending retribution by a dream, and Orestes, for the crime of matricide, was haunted by the Furies (Erinyes) after her death. In Aeschylus' dramatic trilogy the Oresteia, Orestes acted in accordance with Apollo's commands; he posed as a stranger with tidings of his own death, and, after killing his mother, he sought refuge from the Furies at Delphi. Prompted again by Apollo, he went to Athens and pleaded his case before the Areopagus. The jury divided equally, Athena gave her deciding vote for acquittal, and the Furies were placated by being given a cult in which they were called Eumenides (Kindly Ones).

 In Euripides' play Iphigenia in Tauris some of the Furies remained unappeased, and Orestes was ordered by Apollo to go to Tauris and bring the statue of Artemis back to Athens. Accompanied by his friend Pylades, he reached his goal, but they were arrested because it was the local custom to sacrifice all strangers to the goddess. The priestess in charge of the sacrifice was Orestes' sister Iphigeneia, who instead of being sacrificed had been spirited away by Artemis; the siblings recognized each other, and they and their friend escaped together, taking the statue with them. Orestes inherited his father's kingdom, adding to it Argos and Lacedaemon. He married Hermione, daughter of Helen and Menelaus, and eventually died of snakebite.

      The story of Orestes was a favourite in ancient art and literature. Aeschylus' Oresteia showed its dramatic potentialities, and these were further exploited by Sophocles and Euripides. Aspects of the story were also featured in the work of many later Western dramatists and composers.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orestes — und die Erinyen (Rachegöttinnen) Orestes (griechisch Ὀρέστης; deutsch auch Orest) ist in der griechischen Mythologie der Sohn des Agamemnon und der Klytaimnestra und der Bruder der Iph …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orestes — ORESTES, æ & is, Gr. Ὀρέστης, ου, (⇒ Tab. XXX.) 1 §. Aeltern. Sein Vater war Agamemnon, König zu Mycene, und oberster Feldherr der Griechen vor Troja, seine Mutter aber Klytämnestra, des Tyndareus, Königs zu Sparta, Tochter. Hygin. Fab. 119. &… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Orestes — {{Orestes}} Sohn des Agamemnon** und der Klytaimestra*, die er auf Geheiß des Apollon* zusammen mit ihrem Liebhaber Aigisthos* wegen des Mords an seinem Vater tötete. Seine Schwester Elektra* und sein Freund Pylades* halfen ihm dabei. Nach dem… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Orestes — Orestes, 1) Sohn des Agamemnon u. der Klytämnestra. Nach der Ermordung des Agamemnon durch Klytämnestra u. Ägisthos ließ ihn seine Schwester Elektra zu Strophios, König in Phokis, welcher mit ihrer Tante Anaxibia vermählt war, in Sicherheit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Orestes — in ancient Greek stories, the son of ↑Agamemnon, King of ↑Mycenae, and Clytemnestra. Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus kill Agamemnon when Orestes is a child. When he becomes an adult, Orestes kills his mother and Aegisthus …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Orestes — Orestes, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 334 Housing Units (2000): 147 Land area (2000): 0.393621 sq. miles (1.019474 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.393621 sq. miles (1.019474 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Orestes, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 334 Housing Units (2000): 147 Land area (2000): 0.393621 sq. miles (1.019474 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.393621 sq. miles (1.019474 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Orestes — son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, from Gk. Orestes, lit. mountaineer, from oros mountain (see OREAD (Cf. oread)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Orestes — [ō res′tēz΄] n. [L < Gr Orestēs < oros, mountain: see ORIENT] Gr. Myth. son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, who, with the aid of his sister Electra, avenges the murder of his father by killing his mother and her lover Aegisthus …   English World dictionary

  • Oréstes — Oréstes, 1) im griech. Mythus Sohn des Agamemnon und der Klytämnestra, war bei der Ermordung des Vaters durch Ägisthos (s. d.) dem gleichen Schicksal bestimmt; aber seine Schwester Elektra (s. d. 3) rettete ihn zu dem Phokerkönig Strophios, bei… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orestes — Orestes, Sohn des Agamemnon und der Klytaimnestra, rächte den ermordeten Vater an seiner Mutter und deren Buhlen Aigisthos, versöhnte die ihn deswegen verfolgenden rächenden Erinnyen, indem er auf Rat des Apollon mit seinem Freunde Pylades (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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