ordination


ordination
/awr'dn ay"sheuhn/, n.
1. Eccles. the act or ceremony of ordaining.
2. the fact or state of being ordained.
3. a decreeing.
4. the act of arranging.
5. the resulting state; disposition; arrangement.
[1350-1400; ME ordinacioun < LL ordinatio ordainment, L: a putting in order, appointment = ordina(re) to order, arrange (der. of ordo, s. ordin-, order) + -tio -TION]

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      in Christian churches, a rite for the dedication and commissioning of ministers. The essential ceremony consists of the laying of hands of (hands, imposition of) the ordaining minister upon the head of the one being ordained, with prayer for the gifts of the Holy Spirit and of grace required for the carrying out of the ministry. The service also usually includes a public examination of the candidate and a sermon or charge concerning the responsibilities of the ministry.

      Christianity derived the ceremony from the Jewish (Judaism) custom of ordaining rabbis by the laying on of hands (the Semikha). In the Hebrew Scriptures, Moses ordained Joshua (Numbers 27:18, 23; Deuteronomy 34:9), and in the New Testament the seven were ordained by the Twelve Apostles (Acts 6:6) and Barnabas and Paul were commissioned by prophets and teachers at Antioch (Acts 13:3). According to the Pastoral Letters (1 Timothy 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:6), ordination confers a spiritual gift of grace. The oldest ordination prayers extant are contained in the Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus of Rome (c. AD 217). In medieval times the Latin rites were elaborated by the addition of various prayers and of such ceremonies as the anointing of hands, clothing the ordinand with the appropriate vestments, and presenting him with the symbols pertinent to his rank; e.g., the Gospels to a deacon and the chalice and paten with the bread and wine to a candidate for the priesthood. The rites of ordination in the Roman Catholic church (Roman Catholicism) were considerably simplified in 1968.

      In churches that have retained the historic episcopate (episcopacy), the ordaining minister is always a bishop. In Presbyterian churches (Reformed and Presbyterian churches), ordination is conferred by ministers of the presbytery. In the Reformed (Reformed church) Protestant tradition lay persons are ordained to be ruling elders and deacons by the minister joined by others so ordained previously. In Congregational churches (Congregationalism) ordination is conducted by persons chosen by the local congregation.

      According to Eastern Orthodox (Eastern Orthodoxy) and Roman Catholic theology, ordination (holy orders) is a sacrament essential to the church, and it bestows an unrepeatable, indelible character upon the person ordained. See also holy order.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • ordination — [ ɔrdinasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1190; lat. chrét. ordinatio 1 ♦ Liturg. cathol. Acte par lequel est administré le sacrement de l ordre, spécialt la prêtrise. Les ordinations ont lieu au cours d une messe pontificale. Conférer (⇒ ordinant ) , recevoir (⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ordination — (lateinisch: ordinatio: „Bestellung, Weihe“) ist eine gottesdienstliche Handlung in christlichen Kirchen und im Judentum, durch die Gläubige (in römisch katholischen, orthodoxen und vielen Freikirchen nur Männer) zum geistlichen Amt gesegnet,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ordination — Or di*na tion, n. [L. ordinatio: cf. F. ordination.] 1. The act of ordaining, appointing, or setting apart; the state of being ordained, appointed, etc. [1913 Webster] The holy and wise ordination of God. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] Virtue and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ordination — Ordination. s. f. v. Action de conferer les ordres de l Eglise. C est un tel Evesque qui a fait l ordination. il s est presenté à l ordination …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Ordination — Ordination, 1) (geistliche Weihe), der Act, durch welchen Geistlichen das Recht u. die Fähigkeit zur Verrichtung gewisser, den Cultus betreffender Handlungen u. die Verwaltung der Sacramente ertheilt wird. Schon in den Pastoralbriefen wird eines… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ordination — Ordination, 1) im Proceß eine sofort nach Eingang der Appellation in einer Civilproceßsache erlassene Verfügung des Oberrichters, wodurch er der an ihn gelangten Beschwerde sogleich dergestalt abhilft, daß dadurch ein weit aussehendes Verfahren… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ordination — (lat., »Anordnung, Einsetzung«), der Akt zur Einführung in das geistliche Amt, der bereits bis auf die Praxis der nachapostolischen Zeit zurück geht und in der feierlichen Handauflegung mit Gebet bestand. Er hat heute eine in der katholischen und …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ordination — (lat., »Einsetzung«), in der christl. Kirche die Weihe zum geistl. Stande unter Handauflegung. In der kath. Kirche gilt die nur vom Bischof vollziehbare Priesterweihe, die höchste der sieben aufeinander folgenden Weihen zu den entsprechenden… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ordination — Ordination, (vom lat. ordinatio, das Ordnen, Anordnen, Reguliren, die ordentliche Einrichtung) ist in der Kirchensprache gleichbedeutend mit sacramentum ordinis, Priesterweihe (s. d. Art.). Bei den Protestanten bezeichnet O. die feierliche… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ordination — index appointment (act of designating), brevet, citation (charge), classification, dedication, delegation (assignment) …   Law dictionary

  • Ordination — Ordination,die:1.⇨Sprechstunde(1)–2.⇨Priesterweihe–3.⇨Amtseinführung …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme


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