optometry


optometry
optometrical /op'teuh me"tri keuhl/, adj.
/op tom"i tree/, n.
the practice or profession of examining the eyes, by means of suitable instruments or appliances, for defects in vision and eye disorders in order to prescribe corrective lenses or other appropriate treatment.
[1890-95; OPTO- + -METRY]

* * *

Profession concerned with examining the eyes for defects or faults of refraction.

Optometrists prescribe optical aids (e.g., eyeglasses, contact lenses), supervise eye exercise programs to treat vision problems, and examine the eyes for disorders such as glaucoma and cataracts. They are generally not licensed to prescribe drugs or trained to perform surgery. See also ophthalmology.

* * *

      health-care profession concerned with examining the eyes (eye disease) for defects of vision and diagnosing and treating such conditions. Optometrists prescribe and supply eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other optical aids that correct the focusing of the eyes. They also examine the eyes to detect such disorders as glaucoma and cataracts. In addition, optometrists counsel people on the correct use and care of the eyes, supervise exercise and training programs that are designed to treat problems of vision, and help rehabilitate patients who have low or severely restricted vision. Unlike the ophthalmologist (ophthalmology), who is a physician with a specialization in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases (and who may also test vision and prescribe corrective lenses), the optometrist generally is not trained to perform surgery. In some areas, however, optometrists are licensed to use topical therapeutic drugs and to treat glaucoma and other eye diseases with systemic drugs.

      Requirements for the practice of optometry vary. In the United States professional optometrists must complete a four-year course of study in addition to two to four years of undergraduate work and must be licensed by the state in which they practice. Schools of optometry are accredited nationally by the Council on Optometric Education and grant the Doctor of Optometry (O.D.) degree.

      The optician, another optical specialist, makes, fits, and sells optical devices, particularly the corrective lenses prescribed by optometrists and ophthalmologists.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Optometry — Op*tom e*try, n. 1. (Med.) Measurement of the range of vision, esp. by means of the optometer. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. As defined (with minor variations) in the statutes of various States of the United States: (a) The employment of subjective… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • optometry — 1886, from optometer (1738), an instrument for testing vision, from opto sight, from Gk. optos seen, visible + METER (Cf. meter). Probably influenced by Fr. optométrie …   Etymology dictionary

  • optometry — ► NOUN ▪ the occupation of measuring eyesight, prescribing corrective lenses, and detecting eye disease …   English terms dictionary

  • optometry — [äp täm′ə trē] n. [see OPTIC & METRY] 1. measurement of the range and power of vision 2. the profession of examining the eyes and measuring errors in refraction and of prescribing glasses to correct these defects optometric [äp΄tə met′rik] adj.… …   English World dictionary

  • Optometry — An optical refractor (phoropter) in use Optometry is a health care profession concerned with eyes and related structures, as well as vision, visual systems, and vision information processing in humans. Optometrists, or Doctors of Optometry, are… …   Wikipedia

  • optometry — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1886 the health care profession concerned especially with examining the eye for defects and faults of refraction, with prescribing correctional lenses or eye exercises, with diagnosing… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • optometry — noun The art and science of vision and eye care …   Wiktionary

  • optometry — 1. The profession concerned with the examination of the eyes and related structures to determine the presence of vision problems and eye disorders and with the prescription and adaptation of lenses and other optical aids or the use of visual… …   Medical dictionary

  • optometry — science of examining the eyes Sciences and Studies …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • optometry — É‘p tÉ‘mɪtrɪ /É’p tÉ’ n. practice of examining the eyes to diagnose visual defects and prescribe corrective lenses or other forms of treatment …   English contemporary dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.