onyx


onyx
/on"iks, oh"niks/, n.
1. Mineral. a variety of chalcedony having straight parallel bands of alternating colors. Cf. Mexican onyx.
2. (not used technically) an unbanded chalcedony dyed for ornamental purposes.
3. black, esp. a pure or jet black.
4. Med. a nail of a finger or toe.
adj.
5. black, esp. jet black.
[1250-1300; ME onix < L onyx < Gk ónyx nail, claw, veined gem]

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Striped, semiprecious variety of the silica mineral agate with white and black alternating bands.

Other varieties include carnelian onyx, with white and red bands, and sardonyx, with white and brown bands. Its properties are the same as those of quartz. Onyx is used in carved cameos and intaglios because its layers can be cut to show a colour contrast between the design and the background. It is found worldwide, but chiefly in India and South America.

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 striped, semiprecious variety of the silica mineral agate with white and black alternating bands. Onyx is used in carved cameos and intaglios because its layers can be cut to show a colour contrast between the design and the background. Other varieties include carnelian onyx, with white and red bands, and sardonyx, with white and brown bands. The chief localities of onyx are India and South America. The name was used by the Romans for a variety of stones including alabaster, chalcedony, and what is now known as onyx marble. Onyx is one of the 12 stones mentioned in the Bible (Exodus 28:20; 39:13) as adorning the breastplate (oshen) of Yahweh's high priests. Its properties are the same as those of quartz.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • onyx — onyx …   Dictionnaire des rimes

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  • onyx — [ ɔniks ] n. m. • onix XIIe; lat. onyx, gr. onux « ongle », cette pierre étant translucide comme un ongle ♦ Variété d agate présentant des zones concentriques régulières de diverses couleurs. Coupe en onyx. Par métaph. « Ses admirables yeux d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Onyx — 〈m. 1; Min.〉 Mineral, schwarz weißer Quarz [<lat. onyx <grch. onyx, eigtl. „Klaue, Kralle, Fingernagel“] * * * O|nyx [griech. = Nagel, Kralle, Huf]: 1) ein zu Schmucksteinen verarbeitbarer schwarzer oder in Lagen verschiedenfarbiger ↑… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Onyx — (über lateinisch onyx, von griechisch ὄνυξ (ónyx) „Kralle, Fingernagel“), in Wortzusammensetzungen auch Onych oder Onycho wie z. B. in Onychomykose, bezeichnet: Geologie und Geopgraphie Onyx (Mineral), eine Varietät des Achat/Quarzes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Onyx — Sm ein als Schmuckstein verwendetes Mineral per. Wortschatz fach. (13. Jh.), mhd. onichel Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus gr. ónyx (auch: Kralle, Klaue, Nagel ); das Bedeutungsmotiv ist nicht klar.    Ebenso nndl. onyx, ne. onyx, nfrz. onyx, nschw. onyx …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Onyx — O nyx, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? a claw, finger nail, a veined gem. See {Nail}, and cf. {Onycha}.] 1. (Min.) Chalcedony in parallel layers of different shades of color. It is used for making cameos, the figure being cut in one layer with the next as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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