Old World monkey


Old World monkey
any of various anthropoid primates of the family Cercopithecidae, of Africa, the Arabian peninsula, and Asia, typically having a hairless face, forward- or downward-directed nostrils, relatively short arms, flat nails, and either having a rudimentary tail or using the tail for balance rather than grasping, and including the baboon, colobus monkey, guenon, langur, macaque, mandrill, mangabey, patas, proboscis, and talapoin.
[1860-65]

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Any of certain anthropoid primates of Africa and Asia (also called catarrhines), as distinguished from the New World monkeys (platyrrhines).

Catarrhines are generally distinguished from platyrrhines in having a narrow nose, narrow septum, close-set nostrils directed forward or down, bony ear passages, two premolars in each half of each jaw, a nonprehensile tail (if any), and hard patches of bare skin (ischial callosities) on the buttocks. The terms Old World monkey and catarrhine usually apply only to members of the families Cercopithecidae (monkeys with cheek pouches: guenons, baboons, and others) and Colobidae (leaf monkeys) but may also include the families Hylobatidae (gibbons), Pongidae (apes), and Hominidae (human beings). See also colobus monkey; proboscis monkey; vervet monkey.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • old-world monkey — noun : a catarrhine monkey; especially : a monkey of the family Cercopithecidae widely distributed in the warmer parts of the Old World …   Useful english dictionary

  • Old World monkey — noun of Africa or Arabia or Asia; having nonprehensile tails and nostrils close together • Syn: ↑catarrhine • Derivationally related forms: ↑catarrhinian (for: ↑catarrhine) • Hypernyms: ↑monkey …   Useful english dictionary

  • Old World monkey — noun A group of primates, falling in the superfamily Cercopithecoidea in the clade Catarrhini …   Wiktionary

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