Old High German


Old High German
High German before 1100. Abbr.: OHG
[1885-90]

* * *

      any of the West Germanic dialects spoken in the highlands of southern Germany, Switzerland, and Austria until the end of the 11th century. High German differs most noticeably from the other West Germanic languages in its shift of the p, t, and k sounds to ff, ss, and hh, respectively, after vowels and to pf, tz, and, in Upper German, kh under most other conditions.

      In addition to Alemannic (Swiss German) and Bavarian, which were the Upper German dialects of Old High German, a number of Franconian (Frankish) dialects also existed. Among them were East Franconian and Rhenish Franconian, spoken just north of the Upper German area, and the Central Franconian dialects, spoken along the Moselle and Rhine rivers to the northern borders of the High German speech area.

      Important literary works in Old High German include Otfrid's 9th-century poem Evangelienbuch (“Book of the Gospels”) in the South Rhenish Franconian dialect and the fragmentary 9th-century eschatological poem Muspilli in the Bavarian dialect. The Hildebrandslied (“Song of Hildebrand”) fragment from the 8th century is written in an Upper German dialect but also includes Old Saxon elements. The language of Middle High German literature was descended mostly from Upper German dialects, while modern standard High German is descended mostly from the East Franconian dialect.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Old High German — Old German redirects here. For other uses, see Old German (disambiguation). Old High German Spoken in southern Germany (south of the Benrath line), parts of Austria and Switzerland, Southern Bohemia, Sporadic communities in Eastern Gaul Era… …   Wikipedia

  • Old High German — n. the High German language from its earliest period to the 12th cent …   English World dictionary

  • Old High German — Old′ High′ Ger′man n. peo the High German dialects before c1100 Abbr.: OHG • Etymology: 1885–90 …   From formal English to slang

  • Old High German — noun High German prior to 1200 • Hypernyms: ↑German, ↑High German, ↑German language …   Useful english dictionary

  • Old High German — noun Date: 1849 High German exemplified in documents prior to ca. 1150 see Indo European languages table …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Old High German — noun High German of the period before 1100 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Old High German — noun The early recorded form of the German language, spoken from the 8 century to the 12 century. Syn: OHG …   Wiktionary

  • Old High German — noun the language of southern Germany up to c.1200, from which modern standard German is derived …   English new terms dictionary

  • Old High German declension — Old High German is an inflected language, and as such its nouns, pronouns, and adjectives must be declined in order to serve a grammatical function. A set of declined forms of the same word pattern is called a declension. There are five… …   Wikipedia

  • Old High German lullaby — Photographic reproduction of the manuscript as published by Zappert (1859). The discovery of an Old High German lullaby (Althochdeutsches Schlummerlied) was announced in 1859 by Georg Zappert (1806 1859) of Vienna, a private scholar and collector …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.