Ohrid


Ohrid
/oh"krid, oh"kreed/; Serbo-Croatian. /aw"khrddid/, n.
Lake, a lake between E Albania and SW Macedonia, emptying into the Drin River. ab. 20 mi. (32 km) long.

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 town, Macedonia, on the northeastern shore of Lake Ohrid (Ohridsko Jezero). The chief resort of Macedonia, Ohrid is linked by rail, road, and air to Skopje. Agriculture, fishing, and tourism provide a livelihood for the population.

      In Classical antiquity Ohrid was a Greek colony called Lykhnidos. Standing on a crag, it became by the 2nd century BC a post on the Via Egnatia to Bitola and Greece. It was rebuilt by the Romans after a devastating earthquake in 518. Ohrid probably derives its name from Lykhnidos, via Slavic and Albanian. At the summit is the ruined fortress dating chiefly from the late 10th and early 11th centuries, when Ohrid was the capital of a Bulgarian tsar.

      Among the churches in the town are St. Sophia's, with 11th–14th-century frescoes, and St. Clement's (1295), also with medieval frescoes uncovered in the 1950s. On a nearby hilltop is a quadrangular building, the Imaret, a Turkish mosque and inn, built on the foundations of the Monastery of St. Panteleimon (9th century), associated with St. Clement, the first Slav bishop of Ohrid. St. Clement opened the first Slavic school of higher learning, wrote the earliest works of Slavic literature, and, with St. Naum, translated the Scriptures from Greek into Slavonic. The 10th-century monastery of Sveti Naum (St. Naum), about 19 miles (31 km) south, crowns a prominent crag on the Macedonia-Albania frontier and overlooks Lake Ohrid. Pop. (1991 prelim.) mun., 65,531.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ohrid — Охрид Ohër/Ohri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ohrid —   [ ɔhrit, makedonisch], deutsch Ochrid [ ɔx ], Ochrida [ ɔx ], Stadt in der Republik Makedonien, am Ostufer des Ohridsees, 42 100 Einwohner; Nationalmuseum; Handelszentrum; Textilindustrie, Kunsthandwerk …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ohrid — se asienta a orillas del lago del mismo nombre. A 700 metros de altitud, el lago Ohrid, una parte del cual pertenece a la vecina Albania, está rodeado de montañas. La ciudad antigua ocupa las faldas de un monte que la domina. No muy lejos y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ohrid — v. de la rép. de Macédoine, sur le lac d Ohrid (348 km²), à la frontière albanaise; 26 500 hab. égl. Ste Sophie, basilique byzantine des XIe et XIVe s. (fresques), St Clément (XIIIe s.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ohrid — Òhrīd m DEFINICIJA grad na obali Ohridskog jezera (Makedonija), 42.100 stan …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ohrid — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ohrid (homonymie). 41° 07′ 18″ N 20° 49′ 10″ E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ohrid — For the village in Montana Province, Bulgaria, see Ohrid, Bulgaria. Coordinates: 41°07′01″N 20°48′06″E / 41.11694°N 20.80167°E / 41.116 …   Wikipedia

  • Ohrid — Охрид Ohrid Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ohrid — Original name in latin Ohrid Name in other language Akhris, OHD, Ochrid, Ochrida, Ochridas, Ochryda, Ocrida, Ohri, Ohrid, Ohrida, Okhri, Okhrid, Okhridu, ao he li de, awhryd, awkhryd, ofurido, oheulideu, ohridi, xo kh rid, Охрид, Охрїдъ State… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ohrid —    City in southwestern Macedonia, key position on the Via Egnatia (qq.v.); archbishopric; capital of Bulgaria under Samuel of Bulgaria (qq.v.). Perhaps most importantly, it became a center for the diffusion of Byzantine culture throughout the… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium


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