oculus

oculus
/ok"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. oculi /-luy'/.
1. an eye.
2. Archit. a circular opening, esp. one at the apex of a dome.
3. Archaeol. a design representing an eye, as on funerary pottery found in megalithic tombs of Europe.
[ < NL, L: EYE]

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(Latin: "eye") In architecture, any of several elements resembling an eye, such as a round or oval window or the round opening at the top of some domes (see Pantheon).

The capital of an Ionic column features an oculus in the form of a disk at the centre of each of its spiral scrolls.

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      (Latin: “eye”), in architecture, any of several structural elements resembling an eye. A small window that is circular or oval in shape, such as an oeil-de-boeuf window (q.v.), is an oculus. The round opening at the top of some domes, or cupolas, is also an oculus; one example of this kind is found in the Pantheon, in Rome.

      The capital of every Ionic column features a characteristic pair of volutes, or spiral scrolls, at the centre of each of which is an eye, or disk, also known as an oculus.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • OCULUS — Petite baie sans fermeture, de forme circulaire, ovale ou polygonale, pratiquée dans un mur, un toit ou située au sommet d’une coupole (par exemple, au Panthéon à Rome). L’œil de bœuf est une lucarne dont la fenêtre est circulaire ou ovale.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • oculus — óculus s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  ÓCULUS s.n. (arhit.) Fereastră rotundă de mici dimensiuni, caracteristică unor biserici romanice sau de epocă gotică timpurie. [< fr. oculus, cf. lat. oculus – ochi].… …   Dicționar Român

  • Oculus — (lat. Auge) bezeichnet in der Medizin das Auge in der Architektur ein Ochsenauge (Architektur) (rundes dekoratives Fenster), gelegentlich auch ein Opaion (runde Öffnung am höchsten Punkt einer Kuppel), in der Optischen Industrie die Oculus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • oculus — m. oftalm. Voz latina de ojo. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • oculus — an eye, pl. oculi, 1857, from L. oculus eye (see EYE (Cf. eye) (n.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Oculus — Oc u*lus, n.; pl. {Oculi}. [L., an eye.] 1. An eye. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arch.) A round window, usually a small one. [1913 Webster] 3. (Bot.) A leaf bud. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ocŭlus — (lat.), 1) Auge; O. caesius, grüner Staar; O. duplex, eine Binde bei Augenkrankheiten, wodurch beide Augen zugleich verbunden werden, im Gegensatz zu O. simplex, wodurch nur ein Auge verbunden wird; O. elephantinus, so v.w. Buphthalmia; O.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ocŭlus — (lat.), das Auge …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • oculus — (izg. ȍkulus) m DEFINICIJA arhit. okrugao prozor; osobito čest u razdoblju baroka ETIMOLOGIJA lat.: oko …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Oculus — This page is about the architectural term. See also: eye. The Oculus (top) in the dome of the Pantheon, Rome An Oculus, circular window, or rain hole is a feature of Classical architecture since the 16th century. They are often denoted by their… …   Wikipedia

  • Oculus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Oculus (homonymie). Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Oculus », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Un oculus[1] est une ouverture pratiquée sur un comble de voûte. On en …   Wikipédia en Français


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