Oceanus


Oceanus
/oh see"euh neuhs/, n. Class. Myth.
1. a Titan who was the son of Uranus and Gaea, the consort of Tethys, and the father of the river gods and Oceanids.
2. a great stream of water encircling the earth and believed to be the source of all rivers, lakes, etc.

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      in Greek mythology, the river that flowed around the Earth (conceived as flat), for example, in the shield of Achilles described in Homer's Iliad, Book XVIII. Beyond it, to the west, were the sunless land of the Cimmerii, the country of dreams, and the entrance to the underworld. In Hesiod's Theogony, Oceanus was the oldest Titan, the son of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaea (Earth), the husband of the Titan Tethys, and father of 3,000 stream spirits and 3,000 ocean nymphs. In the Iliad, Book XIV, Oceanus is identified once as the begetter of the gods and once as the begetter of all things; although the comments were isolated, they were influential in later thinking. Oceanus also appears in Aeschylus's Prometheus Bound.

      In art Oceanus was a common subject; he appears on the François Vase (see Kleitias), the Gigantomachy of the altar at Pergamum, and numerous Roman sarcophagi. As a common noun, the word received almost the modern sense of ocean.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oceanus — O*ce a*nus, n. [L., from Gr. ?.] (Gr.Myth.) The god of the great outer sea, or the river which was believed to flow around the whole earth. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oceanus — Oceănus, s. Okeanos …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oceanus — Oceanus, Okeanos, in der griech. Mythe ein Titan, der als mächtiger Strom die Welt umschlingt, der Vater aller Quellen und Flüsse, der Oceaniden, Nymphen aller aus dem Ocean strömen den unterirdischen Wasser …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Oceanus — [ō sē′ə nəs] n. [L < Gr Ōkeanos: see OCEAN] Gr. Myth. 1. a Titan, father of the Oceanides and ruler of the sea before Poseidon 2. the great outer stream supposedly encircling the earth …   English World dictionary

  • Oceanus — This article is about the personification of the world ocean in Greek myth. For other uses, see Oceanus (disambiguation). Oceanus Oceanus in the Trevi Fountain, Rome Titan of Water, Seas, Lakes, Rivers, Oceans, Streams and …   Wikipedia

  • OCEANUS — I. OCEANUS Caeli et Vestae filius, maris Deus, maritus Tethyos, fluviorum, fontiumque omnium pater; sic dictus ab Ὠκὺς, quod est velox, quod praeter SErvium testatur Solinus c. 36. his verbis: Nam Ὠκεανὸς, inquit, quem Graeci sic nominant a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Oceanus — Mega Express Three Mega Express Three Noms : Oceanus Ariadne Palace I Ariadne Palace One Type : Ferry Histoire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oceanus, S. — S. Oceanus (4. Sept.), ein Martyrer, dessen auch griech. Martyrologien gedenken. S. S. Theodorus. (II. 207.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Oceanus — noun Etymology: Latin, from Greek Õkeanos Date: 1567 a Titan who rules over a great river encircling the earth in Greek mythology …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Oceanus — Okeanos (rechts) kämpft mit Nereus und Doris und den anderen Göttern gegen die Giganten Okeanos (griechisch Ὀκεανός, der Ozean …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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