Oceania


Oceania
Oceanian, adj., n.
/oh'shee an"ee euh, -ah"nee euh/, n.
the islands of the central and S Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. 23,400,000; ab. 3,450,000 sq. mi. (8,935,500 sq. km).
Also, Oceanica /oh'shee an"i keuh/.

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Collective name for the islands scattered throughout most of the Pacific Ocean.

The term especially refers to islands of the central and southern Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia, and sometimes Australia, New Zealand, and the Malay Archipelago. In its most restricted sense, excluding Australia but including Papua New Guinea, Oceania includes more than 10,000 islands, with an area of about 317,000 sq mi (821,000 sq km); with Australia the land area is about 3,453,550 sq mi (8,944,700 sq mi). Pop. (2001 est.) including Australia, 31,377,000.

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      collective name for the islands scattered throughout most of the Pacific Ocean. The term, in its widest sense, embraces the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas. A more common definition excludes the Ryukyu, Kuril, and Aleutian islands and the Japan archipelago. The most popular usage delimits Oceania further by eliminating Indonesia, Taiwan, and the Philippines, because the peoples and cultures of those islands are more closely related historically to the Asian mainland. Oceania then, in its most restricted meaning, includes more than 10,000 islands, with a total land area (excluding Australia, but including Papua New Guinea and New Zealand) of approximately 317,700 square miles (822,800 square km).

      Oceania has traditionally been divided into four parts: Australasia ( Australia and New Zealand), Melanesia (Melanesian culture), Micronesia, and Polynesia (Polynesian culture). As recently as 33,000 years ago no human beings lived in the region, except in Australasia. Although disagreeing on details, scientists generally support a theory that calls for a Southeast Asian origin of island peoples. By 2000 about 12 million islanders lived in Oceania (excluding Australia), and many indigenous cultures were revolutionized by intensive contact with non-Oceanic groups who had intruded from various parts of the Western world. (The arts of the region are discussed in several articles; see art and architecture, Oceanic; music and dance, Oceanic; and Oceanic literature.) Pop. (2001 est.) including Australia, 31,377,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oceanía — es una región insular de la Tierra, constituida por Australia, Papúa Nueva Guinea y Nueva Zelanda, así como los archipiélagos coralinos y volcánicos de Micronesia, Polinesia y Melanesia, distribuidas por el Océano Pacífico. Comúnmente el conjunto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oceania — ist eine australische wissenschaftliche Fachzeitschrift. Ihr voller Titel lautete anfangs Oceania. A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Native Peoples of Australia, New Guinea and the Islands of the Pacific Ocean. Die Zeitschrift wurde 1930… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oceania — prop. n. A large group of islands in the south Pacific sometimes including Australasia and the Malay Archipelago. Syn: Oceanica. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oceania — southern Pacific island and Australia, conceived as a continent, 1849, Modern Latin, from Fr. Océanie (c.1812). Apparently coined by Danish geographer Conrad Malte Brun (1755 1826). Earlier in English as Oceanica (1832). Oceania was the name of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Oceania — [ō΄shē an′i kəō΄shē an′ē ə] islands in the Pacific, including Melanesia, Micronesia, & Polynesia (incl. New Zealand) &, sometimes, Australia & the Malay Archipelago: also Oceanica [ō΄shē an′i kə] Oceanian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Oceania — South West Pacific redirects here. For the World War II theatre, see South West Pacific theatre of World War II. For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). An orthographic projection of the Pacific Ocean showing much of Oceania …   Wikipedia

  • Oceanía — Para otros usos de este término, véase Oceanía (desambiguación). Oceanía Supe …   Wikipedia Español

  • Océania — L Océania est un pays fictif, présent dans le roman 1984 de George Orwell. Elle comprend l Amérique du Nord, l Amérique du Sud, l Océanie, l Afrique du Sud, le Royaume Uni et l Australie. Dans le roman, elle fait partie des trois régimes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oceania —    Although some scholars insist that shamanism is the preserve of circum Arctic regions, the peoples who live in the many islands of Oceania in the Pacific often employ religious leaders who use trance and manipulate sources of power to engage… …   Historical dictionary of shamanism

  • Oceania — geographical name the lands of the central & S Pacific including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia (including New Zealand), often Australia, & sometimes the Malay Archipelago • Oceanian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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