Nuristani


Nuristani
/noor'euh stah"nee, -stan"ee/, n., pl. Nuristanis, (esp. collectively) Nuristani for 1.
1. Kafir (def. 1).
2. Kafiri.

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people
also called  Nuri, Kaffir, or Kafir 

      (Arabic: Infidel), people of the Hindu Kush mountain area of Afghanistan and the Chitral area of Pakistan. Their territory, formerly called Kafiristan, was renamed Nūristan, “Land of Light” or “Enlightenment,” when they became Muslims at the turn of the 20th century. The territory now forms the northern part of the Afghan province of Nangarhār and has a population of about 65,000. Only about 3,000 live in Pakistan.

      Their language, Kafiri (or Nūristāni), belongs to the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. They are nominally Sunnī Muslims but continue in many of their traditional ways dating from before their conquest by the Afghans in 1895.

      Their earlier record was one of brigandage and plundering; they were, and still are, intensely loyal to their own people and strongly cherish their independence. They have a clan organization with village government and are now settled agriculturists. The region as a whole has a most distinctive culture, and although it is possible to establish certain cultural differences between the three main valleys, they share a culture which gives them a unique position within Afghanistan.

      The houses in the highest northern regions are built of stone or clay, but in the forested regions they are mainly of wood, often (to save space) in several stories, stepwise above each other. The small enclosed fields (often no bigger than an ordinary floor space), mostly lying in steep, narrow mountain valleys, are cultivated by the women, while the men hunt or tend livestock. The main crop is wheat, with barley, corn (maize), millet, and peas. Grapes and mulberries are grown in the lower areas. Livestock consists mainly of goats, with some cattle and a few sheep in the upper, wider valleys. There are no horses.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nuristani — Nuristani,   Bewohner des Hindukusch im östlichen Afghanistan. Die in Sippenverbänden lebenden etwa 60 000 Nuristani betreiben Acker und Gartenbau sowie Ziegenhaltung mit sommerlicher Almwirtschaft. In den waldreichen Gebirgstälern entwickelten… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nuristani — in Kabul Die Nuristani (oder Nuristaner) sind eine kleine Volksgruppe in Afghanistan und Pakistan. Ihre Sprachen bilden neben dem Iranischen und Indoarischen einen separaten Zweig der indoiranischen Sprachen, siehe den Artikel Nuristani Sprachen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nuristani — may refer to: the Nuristani people the Nuristani languages This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point direc …   Wikipedia

  • nuristani — ˌn(y)u̇rə̇ˈstänē noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Persian nūristānī, from Nūristān, region of northeastern Afghanistan 1. : kafiri 2. : kafir …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nuristani — noun Etymology: Nuristan, Afghanistan Date: 1951 1. a member of a group of peoples of the Hindu Kush in northeastern Afghanistan 2. the family of languages spoken by the Nuristanis that constitutes a distinct branch of Indo Iranian …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nuristani — noun Any member of an ethnic group found mostly in the Nuristan, Laghman and Kunar provinces of Afghanistan, now generally Muslim but having once had an Indo Iranian polytheistic religion …   Wiktionary

  • nuristani — nur·i·stani …   English syllables

  • Nuristani — Nu•ris•ta•ni [[t]ˌnʊər əˈstɑ ni, ˈstæn i[/t]] n. pl. nis 1) peo a native or inhabitant of Nuristan 2) peo a group of languages spoken in Nuristan …   From formal English to slang

  • Nuristani people — Total population ca. 125,000–300,000[1] Regions with significant …   Wikipedia

  • Nuristani languages — Nuristani Geographic distribution: Nuristan Linguistic classification: Indo European Indo Iranian Nuristani Subdivisions …   Wikipedia


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