North Yorkshire


North Yorkshire
a county in NE England. 646,100; 3208 sq. mi. (8309 sq. km).

* * *

Administrative (pop., 2001: 569,660) and geographic county, part of the historic county of Yorkshire, northern England.

Its administrative seat is Northallerton. Prehistoric sites show evidence of a military Roman occupation. In the Middle Ages it was a peripheral region of England with numerous castles of the great landowning families. Monastic orders, including the Cistercians, grew wealthy from sheep farming. The area played a significant part in the Wars of the Roses and the English Civil Wars. The modern economy is mainly agricultural.

* * *

 administrative and geographic county in northern England, part of the historic county of Yorkshire. The administrative county of North Yorkshire comprises seven districts: Craven, Hambleton, Richmondshire, Ryedale, Selby, and the boroughs of Harrogate and Scarborough. The geographic county comprises the entire administrative county; the unitary authorities of Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland, and York; and the part of the unitary authority of Stockton-on-Tees that lies south of the River Tees.

      The geographic county has two distinctive upland regions. The one in the west comprises the Pennines, the major uplands of northern England; they reach an elevation of more than 2,200 feet (670 metres) in the northwest at Pen-y-Ghent, Whernside, Ingleborough, and Mickle Fell and are deeply dissected by the valleys (dales) of the Rivers Swale, Ure, Nidd, and Wharfe. In the east is a region of limestones and sandstones forming the upland mass of the North York Moors and Cleveland Hills. Separating these two regions is the Vale of York, a lowland with glacial clay soils. To the north the Cleveland Hills drop to the North Sea coast and the Tees valley in a dramatic escarpment.

      The county is largely agricultural. The large landholdings of the Vale of York are major grain producers, while dairy farming is especially important in the wetter, western areas of the Pennine dales and lower slopes. Hill sheep farming is characteristic of the moorlands of the Pennines and North York Moors. Some food processing and light manufacturing take place in the county's towns, and there is coal mining around Selby, but heavy manufacturing is important only along the Tees estuary. The unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland has steel mills, petroleum refining, chemical industries, and one of Britain's leading seaports, while neighbouring Middlesbrough is an engineering centre. Research and other service activities are significant in York and Harrogate, and high-technology firms are a growing presence in the county. The towns of Harrogate and Scarborough, frequently settings for British political conferences and conventions, are also centres of a growing tourist industry associated with the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors national parks. The major rail and road links connecting London and Edinburgh traverse the county. Area administrative county, 3,102 square miles (8,034 square km); geographic county (excluding Stockton-on-Tees), 3,320 square miles (8,600 square km). Pop. (2001) administrative county, 569,660; geographic county (excluding Stockton-on-Tees), 1,024,741; (2004 est.) geographic county (excluding Stockton-on-Tees), 1,041,800; (2005 est.) administrative county, 582,900.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • North Yorkshire — Geografie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft Region: Yorkshire and the Humber Fläche: 8.654 km² …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • North Yorkshire — Yorkshire du Nord Yorkshire du Nord Administration Statut Comté non métropolitain Comté cérémonial Région Yorkshire et Humber Superficie Total Admin. area …   Wikipédia en Français

  • North Yorkshire —   [ nɔːθ jɔːkʃɪə], County in Nordengland, 8 312 km2, 730 600 Einwohner; größte Städte sind York, Harrogate und Scarborough, Verwaltungssitz ist Northallerton. North Yorkshire umfasst im Westen, im Penninischen Gebirge, einen Teil des Yorkshire… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • North Yorkshire — es un condado entre las regiones de Yorkshire y Humber en Inglaterra. Esta dividido en los distritos de Craven, Hambleton, Harrogate, Richmondshire, Ryedale, Scarborough y Selby Entre sus límites se encuentran los páramos de North York y gran… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • North Yorkshire — county in N England: 3,208 sq mi (8,309 sq km); pop. 702,000 …   English World dictionary

  • North Yorkshire — For other uses, see Yorkshire North. North Yorkshire Geography Status Ceremonial ( …   Wikipedia

  • North Yorkshire — noun a county in northern England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑county • Part Holonyms: ↑England * * * a county in NE England. 646,100; 3208 sq. mi. (8309 sq. km). * * * North Yorkshire [North Yorkshire] ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • North Yorkshire — Sp Šiáurės Jòrkšyras Ap North Yorkshire L Anglijos grafystė, Jungtinė Karalystė …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • North Yorkshire — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name North Yorkshire Country and Admin Code GB.ENG.J7 GB …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • North Yorkshire — North York|shire a ↑county in northeast England. It consists mainly of farmland. The centre of local government is at Northallerton but the main city is York …   Dictionary of contemporary English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.