/nawr thamp"teuhn shear', -sheuhr, nawrth hamp"-/, n.a county in central England. 500,100; 914 sq. mi. (2365 sq. km). Also called Northampton.
* * *Administrative (pop., 2001: 629,676) and historic county of the East Midlands region, England.It has remains of early settlements, including pre-Celtic and Roman. Norman and early English building styles coexist with mansions and country houses from as early as the 13th century. The county was largely pro-Parliament during the English Civil Wars. It combines traditional rural life with a modern economy of varied industries in centres such as Northampton, the county seat, and Corby.
* * *administrative and historic county of the East Midlands region in England. The administrative county comprises seven districts: Daventry, East Northamptonshire, South Northamptonshire, and the boroughs of Corby, Kettering, Northampton, and Wellingborough. The historic county encompasses the entire administrative county, as well as the small area south of the River Welland in the town of Market Harborough, which lies in the district of Harborough in the administrative county of Leicestershire. The historic county also includes the Soke of Peterborough (Peterborough, Soke of), a historic region that forms part of the city and unitary authority of Peterborough.The administrative county is oval-shaped, with the long axis extending 56 miles (90 km) in a southwest-northeast direction. A ridge of low hills, an escarpment of Jurassic rocks, runs along the long axis and separates the basin of the River Nene in the south from that of the Welland in the north. Both these rivers flow east into the Wash. Among the rocks above the escarpment are the ore-bearing Northampton Sands, which yield a low-grade iron ore and have been extensively worked.The wooded hills and well-watered valleys seem to have attracted settlement to the area early. There are pre-Celtic as well as Roman remains. Parts of the churches at Earls Barton, Brigstock, and Brixworth are Anglo-Saxon and may date to the 7th century, when the historic county became part of the kingdom of Mercia. The area was invaded by the Danes in the 9th century, and the shire seems to be of Danish origin. The ecclesiastical centre of Peterborough, destroyed by the Danes, was refounded during the 10th century.The boundaries of the historic county (or shire) have remained virtually unchanged since the Domesday Inquest ordered by William the Conqueror in 1086. Norman and Early English building styles are well represented, but, architecturally, the chief feature of the county is the large number of mansions and country houses, from 13th-century Barnwell Castle to Tudor Rockingham Castle, Castle Ashby, and Sulgrave Manor, the ancestral home of the family of George Washington (Washington, George), the first president of the United States. St. Peter's Cathedral in Peterborough, begun in 1118 and consecrated in 1238, is in part a good example of late Norman style, but subsequent additions have created a discordant effect. The cathedral contains the Hedda Stone, an Anglo-Saxon sculpture some 1,200 years old, and the tomb of Catherine of Aragon, Henry VIII's first wife. In spite of its numerous aristocrats and squires, the county was largely pro-Parliament in the English Civil War (English Civil Wars) of 1642–45. The decisive battle, in which King Charles I was defeated, was fought just north of Naseby near the county's northern border in 1645.In some ways the administrative county of Northamptonshire epitomizes the rural life of a bygone England, with great estates and parks, rolling pastoral lands, and some of Britain's best-known foxhunts (e.g., the Pytchley). At the same time, however, it plays an important role in the contemporary economy. It is notable for the number of reservoirs that have been constructed on the Nene and its tributaries. Its industries are varied. Since the Industrial Revolution it has been best known for footwear, with boot and shoe factories in many of its towns and villages. This industry, however, has been steadily shrinking since the 1950s, and engineering and food processing are now more important. The county is remarkable for the number of small industrial centres it possesses rather than for major concentrations. Crossed by two main railway routes from London to the Midlands and the north and by the main motorway link (M1), the administrative county is well situated for manufacturing and marketing. The county town (seat) is Northampton. Area 913 square miles (2,364 square km). Pop. (2005 est.) 651,800.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Northamptonshire — Geografie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft Region: East Midlands Fläche: 2.364 km² Verwa … Deutsch Wikipedia
Northamptonshire — [nɔː θæmptənʃɪə], County in Mittelengland, in der Region East Midlands (Midlands), 2 367 km2, 599 300 Einwohner, Verwaltungssitz ist Northampton. Northamptonshire umfasst die jurassischen Schichtplateaus der Northampton Uplands (bis 224 m über… … Universal-Lexikon
Northamptonshire — (abreviado Northants) es un condado interior de Inglaterra con una población de 629.676 habitantes, su capital es Northampton. Limita con Warwickshire, Leicestershire, Rutland, Cambridgeshire (incluido Peterborough), Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire … Enciclopedia Universal
Northamptonshire — (spr. northämt nschĭr), Binnengrafschaft in England, grenzt im Norden an die Grafschaften Leicester, Rutland und Lincoln, im O. an Cambridge, Huntingdon und Bedford, im S. an Buckingham und Oxford, im W. an Warwick, umfaßt 2598 qkm (47,2 QM.).… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Northamptonshire — [north amp tonshir΄, north amp tonshər] county in central England: 914 sq mi (2,367 sq km); pop. 579,000; county seat, Northampton … English World dictionary
Northamptonshire — Coordinates: 52°17′N 0°50′W / 52.283°N 0.833°W / 52.283; 0.833 … Wikipedia
Northamptonshire — 52°17′N 0°50′W / 52.283, 0.833 … Wikipédia en Français
Northamptonshire — Localización del condado de Northamptonshire. Northamptonshire (abreviado Northants) es un condado ceremonial y no metropolitano del interior de Inglaterra, con capital en Northampton. Según el censo de 2001, tenía una población de 629 676… … Wikipedia Español
Northamptonshire — noun a county is central England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑county • Part Holonyms: ↑England • Part Meronyms: ↑Northampton, ↑Naseby * * * /nawr thamp teuhn shear , sheuhr, nawrth hamp /, n. a county in central England. 500,100; 914 sq. mi … Useful english dictionary
Northamptonshire — Sp Nortámptonšyras Ap Northamptonshire L Anglijos grafystė, Jungtinė Karalystė … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė