Noricum


Noricum
/nawr"i keuhm, nor"-/, n.
an ancient Roman province in central Europe, roughly corresponding to the part of Austria south of the Danube.

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Ancient kingdom and Roman province, west-central Europe.

It was located roughly south of the Danube River and north of modern Italy. Originally controlled by a Celtic confederacy, it was annexed by Augustus с 15 BC. Its rich iron and gold mines were worked by the Romans. Latin inscriptions on coins indicate a Romanized culture. Emperor Claudius enhanced the significance of several of Noricum's towns and recruited soldiers from the area for the Praetorian Guard с AD 50. The Franks settled there by the end of the 5th century AD.

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▪ ancient kingdom, Europe
      region of Europe north of what is now Italy, roughly comprising modern central Austria and parts of Bavaria, Ger. Noricum was originally a kingdom controlled by a Celtic confederacy that dominated an earlier Illyrian population. It reached its greatest extent during the early period: on the east it included Carnuntum (about 20 miles [32 km] east of Vindobona [now Vienna]), Savaria (Szombathely, Hung.), Poetovio (Ptuj, Slovenia), and Emona (Ljubljana, Slovenia), together with the portion of the tribe of the Taurisci that lived near the source of the Sava River. Noricum was annexed by Rome, apparently as a bloodless conquest, about 15 BC, and the new province was placed under an equestrian governor, first called a praefectus but from Claudius' time a procurator. As a Roman province its western boundary, against Raetia, was approximately the Inn River; in the south it met Italy at the summit of the Carnic Alps; and in the east, at least by Tiberius' time, the frontier with Pannonia was a line running south from a point west of Vindobona. Noricum received Roman protection in the late 2nd century BC and, with wealth derived from its mineral resources (iron and gold), was able to develop a markedly Romanized culture (evident from Latin legends on coins and other Latin inscriptions. Five of its communities were made into Roman municipia by the emperor Claudius (reigned AD 41–54), and the province supplied many soldiers for legions and the Praetorian Guard. Crude iron was exported to Italy, especially to Aquileia, and there were also steel manufactures in the province.

      After the barbarian invasion of 167, the frontier was reorganized. Under the later empire Noricum suffered severely from raids by Alamanni and other tribes. Franks and Rugi settled Noricum before the end of the 5th century AD.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Noricum — war ein keltisches Königreich unter der Führung des Stammes der Noriker auf einem Großteil des Gebietes des heutigen Österreich sowie angrenzender Gebiete Bayerns (östlich des Inn) und Sloweniens, das später unter der Bezeichnung Provincia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Noricum — Noricum,   römische Provinz im Ostalpengebiet, östlich des Inns, bewohnt von den ursprünglichen illyrischen Norikern (lateinisch Norici), die sich schon in vorrömischer Zeit mit Kelten vermischten. Im 2. Jahrhundert v. Chr. schufen die Noriker… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Norĭcum — Norĭcum, 1) ein früher zu Illyrien gehörendes Land, unter den Römern eine der vier Provinzen, in welche sie den südlich von der Donau gelegenen Theil von Deutschland theilten; grenzte gegen Westen an Rhätien u. Vindelicien, davon durch den Önus… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Norĭcum — Norĭcum, röm. Provinz zwischen Rätien und Pannonien, umfaßte das jetzige Ober und Niederösterreich südlich der Donau, den größten Teil von Steiermark, Kärnten und Teile von Salzburg. Die im 4. Jahrh. v. Chr. eingewanderten keltischen Noriker… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Noricum — Norĭcum, im Altertum das Land zwischen Donau, Inn, den Karnischen Alpen und dem Wiener Wald (Südösterreich, Salzburg, Steiermark, Kärnten), von den kelt. Tauriskern (später Noriker genannt) bewohnt, 15 v. Chr. kaiserl. Hausprovinz; Hauptstadt war …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Noricum — Noricum, bei den Römern das Land südl. von der mittleren Donau zwischen Rhätia, Italia, Pannonia, also: Salzburg, Oesterreich, Steyermark und Kärnten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Noricum — [nō′rē koom΄, nôr′i kəm] ancient Roman province south of the Danube, in the region of modern Austria …   English World dictionary

  • Noricum — The provinces and dioceses of the Roman Empire after the death of Theodosius I in ca. 400AD …   Wikipedia

  • NORICUM — I. NORICUM Mediterraneum pars Norici longius a Danubio in Austrum recedens, ubi Stiria et Carinthia. II. NORICUM regio Germaniae (quam nunc bona ex parte Bavariam appellant) habens ab occasu Aenum fluvium, qui medius est inter Vindelicos et… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Noricum —    A short lived kingdom strung together after 113 BCE by the Celts, Noricum covered terrain that today includes much of modern Austria along with modern western Hungary. The location of the capital, Noreia, is not precisely known; it was… …   Historical dictionary of Austria


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