Norfolk Island pine


Norfolk Island pine
a coniferous evergreen tree, Araucaria heterophylla (or A. excelsa), having whorled branches and needlelike foliage, widely cultivated as a houseplant. Also called Australian pine, Norfolk pine.
[1795-1805]

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Evergreen timber and ornamental conifer (Araucaria excelsa, or A. heterophylla) of the family Araucariaceae, native to Norfolk Island in the South Pacific Ocean.

In nature this pine grows to a height of 200 ft (60 m), with a trunk sometimes reaching 10 ft (3 m) in diameter. The wood of large trees is used in construction, furniture, and shipbuilding. The sapling stage is grown worldwide as a houseplant and as an outdoor ornamental in regions with a Mediterranean climate. The monkey puzzle tree is a relative.

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plant
      (species Araucaria heterophylla, formerly known as A. excelsa), evergreen timber and ornamental conifer of the family Araucariaceae, native to Norfolk Island, situated in the South Pacific Ocean between New Caledonia and New Zealand. In nature this pine grows to a height of 60 metres (200 feet), with a trunk sometimes reaching 3 metres (10 feet) in diameter.

      The wood of large trees is used in construction, furniture, and shipbuilding. The sapling stage is grown throughout the world as a houseplant and as an outdoor ornamental in regions with a Mediterranean climate. An unusual feature of this species is that lateral branches cut from a tree and rooted in soil continue to grow horizontally and never produce an erect stem.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Norfolk Island pine — Pine Pine, n. [AS. p[=i]n, L. pinus.] 1. (Bot.) Any tree of the coniferous genus {Pinus}. See {Pinus}. [1913 Webster] Note: There are about twenty eight species in the United States, of which the {white pine} ({Pinus Strobus}), the {Georgia pine} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Norfolk Island pine — n. an evergreen tree (Araucaria excelsa) of the araucaria family, with small needles and branches, commonly grown as a pot plant or outdoors in warm climates …   English World dictionary

  • Norfolk Island-pine — aukštoji araukarija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Araukarijinių šeimos dekoratyvinis augalas (Araucaria heterophylla), paplitęs Australijoje (Norfolko saloje). atitikmenys: lot. Araucaria heterophylla angl. Norfolk Island pine vok.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Norfolk Island pine — noun Date: 1803 an evergreen tree (Araucaria heterophylla syn. A. excelsa) of the araucaria family that is native to Australia and Norfolk Island and that is often grown as a houseplant called also Norfolk pine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Norfolk Island pine — noun a tall coniferous tree, Araucaria heterophylla, native to Norfolk Island, but often cultivated elsewhere on deep sands in coastal areas …   Australian English dictionary

  • norfolk island pine — noun evergreen of Australia and Norfolk Island in the South Pacific • Syn: ↑Araucaria heterophylla, ↑Araucaria excelsa • Hypernyms: ↑araucaria …   Useful english dictionary

  • Norfolk Island — Territory of Norfolk Island Norfolk Island …   Wikipedia

  • Norfolk Island — an island in the S Pacific between New Caledonia and New Zealand: a territory of Australia. 1683; 13 sq. mi. (34 sq. km). * * * Norfolk Island Introduction Norfolk Island Background: Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal… …   Universalium

  • Norfolk Island — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Norfolk Island <p></p> Background: <p></p> Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788 1814 and 1825 55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856 …   The World Factbook

  • Norfolk Island Airport — IATA: NLK – ICAO: YSNF Summary Airport type Public Operator Administration of Norfolk Island Serves …   Wikipedia


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