Nightingale


Nightingale
/nuyt"n gayl', nuy"ting-/, n.
Florence ("the Lady with the Lamp"), 1820-1910, English nurse: reformer of hospital conditions and procedures; reorganizer of nurse's training programs.

* * *

Any of several small Old World thrushes (family Turdidae) renowned for their song.

The name refers in particular to the Eurasian nightingale (Erithacus megarhynchos), a brown bird, 6.5 in. (16 cm) long, with a rufous tail. It sings day and night from perches in shubbery. Its strong and varied song, with prominent crescendo effects, has been regarded for centuries throughout Europe and Asia as the most beautiful of all birdsongs. The thrush nightingale, or sprosser (E. luscinia), is a closely related, more northerly species with slightly darker plumage. The term is also applied to other birds with rich songs (e.g., the wood thrush).

Eurasian nightingale (Erithacus megarhynchos)

H. Reinhard
Bruce Coleman Inc.

* * *

bird
 any of several small Old World thrushes, belonging to the family Turdidae (order Passeriformes), renowned for their song. The name refers in particular to the Eurasian nightingale (Erithacus, or Luscinia, megarhynchos; see photograph—>), a brown bird, 16 centimetres (6 1/2 inches) long, with a rufous tail. Its strong and varied song, in which crescendo effects are prominent, is uttered by day or night from perches in shrubbery.

      The thrush nightingale (sprosser), or sprosser (E. luscinia), is a closely related, somewhat more northerly species with slightly darker plumage. Its song lacks the crescendo.

      The term nightingale is also applied to other birds with rich songs, such as members of the neotropical nightingale thrush (q.v.) group, the Chinese nightingale (see Leiothrix), and, in the West Indies, the mockingbird (q.v.).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nightingale — (engl. für „Nachtigall“) ist: ein Familienname: Florence Nightingale (1820–1910), Pionierin der modernen Krankenpflege Frances Parthenope Verney (1819–1890; auch: Parthenope Nightingale), britische Schriftstellerin und Journalistin; Schwester von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nightingale — Nightingale, Nosturi 2008 Datos generales Origen Örebro …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nightingale — Night in*gale, n. [OE. nihtegale,nightingale, AS. nihtegale; niht night + galan to sing, akin to E. yell; cf. D. nachtegaal, OS. nahtigala, OHG. nahtigala, G. nachtigall, Sw. n[ a]ktergal, Dan. nattergal. See {Night}, and {Yell}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nightingale —   [ naɪtɪȖgeɪl], Florence, britische Krankenschwester, Pflegetheoretikerin, Berufs und Sozialreformerin, * Florenz 12. 5. 1820, ✝ London 13. 8. 1910. Umfassender sozialer Sachverstand, Eindrücke menschlischen Leidens (u. a. Hungersnot 1842/43)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nightingale — (Краков,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: ul. Bosacka 6b/6, Гжегорски, 31 505 Краков, Пол …   Каталог отелей

  • nightingale — (n.) O.E. næctigalæ, nihtegale, compound formed in Proto Germanic (Cf. Du. nachtegaal, Ger. Nachtigall) from *nakht night (see NIGHT (Cf. night)) + *galon to sing, related to O.E. giellan yell (see YELL (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • Nightingale [2] — Nightingale (spr. naitin gēl). Miß Florence, durch ihre menschenfreundlichen Bestrebungen bekannt geworden, geb. 12. Mai 1820 in Florenz als Tochter eines englischen Gutsbesitzers, erhielt von ihrer Mutter, einer Tochter Will Smiths, des eifrigen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • NIGHTINGALE — (Heb. זָמִיר (mod.), zamir), a name applied to singing birds of the genus Luscinia, of which three species are found in Israel. The most outstanding for its song is the Luscinia megarhynchos which hatches its eggs in the thickets of the Jordan.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nightingale — (spr. Neitingel), Florence, Tochter Will. Shore N s, eines reichen Gutsbesitzers in Derbyshire, machte sich mit den Wissenschaften vertraut u. erwarb sich in ihrem Vaterlande große Verdienste durch Errichtung von Schulen, Krankenanstalten u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nightingale [1] — Nightingale, eine der drei Felseninseln von Tristan da Eunya (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nightingale — (spr. neitingehl), Miß Florence, engl. Krankenpflegerin, geb. 15. Mai 1820 zu Florenz, im Krimkriege in den Hospitälern zu Skutari und Balaklawa aufopfernd tätig; schrieb: »Notes on nursing« (1860 u.ö.; deutsch, 2. Aufl. 1878) u.a …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.