Newcastle


Newcastle
/nooh"kas'euhl, -kah'seuhl, nyooh"-/, n.
1. 1st Duke of. See Pelham-Holles, Thomas.
2. Also called Newcastle-upon-Tyne /nooh"kas'euhl euh pon'tuyn", -euh pawn'-, -kah'seuhl-, nyooh"-/. a seaport in Tyne and Wear, in NE England, on the Tyne River: shipbuilding; major coal center. 295,700.
3. a seaport in E New South Wales, in SE Australia. 146,900.
4. a town in SE Ontario, in S Canada, NE of Toronto, on Lake Ontario. 32,229.
5. carry coals to Newcastle,
a. to take something to a place where its kind exists in great quantity.
b. to do something wholly unnecessary.

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(as used in expressions)
Newcastle under Lyme Thomas Pelham Holles 1st duke of
Newcastle upon Tyne William Cavendish 1st duke of

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      city and port, New South Wales, Australia. It lies at the mouth of the Hunter River, 104 miles (168 km) by rail northeast of Sydney.

      Newcastle originated as the small Coal Harbour Penal Settlement in 1801 and developed as an outlet for coal (from the Newcastle-Cessnock field) and for farm produce of the fertile hinterland. The city's iron and steel industries, established in 1915 by the Broken Hill Proprietary Company, Ltd. (BHP), came to rival its coal trade. Diversified industrialization followed, including metallurgy, engineering, shipbuilding, mineral sands mining (rutile and zircon), and major textiles. However, in the 21st century steel production declined dramatically. Proclaimed a municipality in 1859, Newcastle became a city in 1885. Its port facilities (based on North Harbour, the Basin, and Port Waratah) include a floating dock. The University of Newcastle (formerly Newcastle University College) was established in 1965. Newcastle's War Memorial Cultural Centre opened in 1958, and the Newcastle Regional Museum opened in 1988. The city was struck by a moderate-sized earthquake in 1989 that damaged some buildings. Pop. (2006) local government area, 141,752; urban agglom., 493,467.

Irish  An Caisleán Nua 

      town, Down district (established 1973), formerly in County Down, eastern Northern Ireland. It lies along Dundrum Bay, at the foot of Slieve Donard (2,789 feet [850 metres]), which is the highest peak in the Mourne Mountains. The town is a popular seaside resort and tourist centre for exploring the adjacent mountains. Nearby Tollymore Forest Park (1,200 acres [486 hectares]) is a government forestry estate and includes 135 species of trees. Light engineering products are made in the town. The new castle, from which the town takes its name, was a Magennis (MacGinnis) stronghold, built in 1588. Pop. (2001) 7,444.

      town, northwestern KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. It lies at the foot of the Drakensberg mountains. The fourth British settlement in Natal, it was founded in 1864 as a regional trade centre. Fighting occurred in the vicinity during both the First Boer War (1881) and the South African War (1899–1902). Newcastle has long been known for its coal mining and steel production. The town is on the main road and rail lines between Durban and Johannesburg. Pop. (2001) town, 57,572; mun., 332,980.

      city, seat (1890) of Weston county, northeastern Wyoming, U.S., near the Black Hills and the South Dakota border. Founded in 1889 as the terminus of the Burlington Railroad and named for Newcastle upon Tyne, an English coal port, Newcastle was originally a coal-mining town. With the discovery of local oil fields, it developed as an oil-refining centre. It is the site of the nation's only producing oil well dug by hand. During the last weekend in May, Newcastle sponsors the All-Girl Spring Fling Rodeo. Thunder Basin National Grassland lies to the west and south. Inc. 1889. Pop. (1990) 3,003; (2000) 3,065.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Newcastle — commonly refers to: Newcastle upon Tyne, a city in Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom Newcastle, New South Wales, a city in Australia Newcastle or New Castle may also refer to: Contents 1 Places 1.1 Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Newcastle — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in England: Newcastle on Clun Newcastle Emlyn Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyneside Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire Newcastle (Shropshire) in Nordirland: Newcastle (Nordirland) in Irland: Newcastle West in Kanada: Newcastle …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Newcastle — Newcastle, WY U.S. city in Wyoming Population (2000): 3065 Housing Units (2000): 1458 Land area (2000): 2.467594 sq. miles (6.391040 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.467594 sq. miles (6.391040… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Newcastle —   [ njuːkɑːsl, englisch], Name von geographischen Objekten:    1) Newcastle, Stadt im Nordwesten der Provinz KwaZulu/Natal, Republik Südafrika, 1 186 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Fuß der Drakensberge, 40 700 Einwohner. Die Stadt liegt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Newcastle — upon Tyne, que a menudo se denomina simplemente Newcastle, es una ciudad en el condado de Tyne and Wear en el noreste de Inglaterra. Con unos 259.000 habitantes censados en 2001, Newcastle es la principal ciudad del noreste de Inglaterra y la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Newcastle — 1.) a large industrial city and port on the River Tyne in northeast England, whose full name is Newcastle upon Tyne. Newcastle used to have a large coal mining and shipbuilding industry, but much of the old industry has now closed down. People… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Newcastle — New cast le, prop. n. A town in England. [PJC] {Carry coals to Newcastle} to do something utterly superfluous; to do something useless or wasteful; from the nearness of Newcastle to the coal mining district. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Newcastle [1] — Newcastle (spr. Njuhkaßl), 1) (N. upon Tyne, spr. N. öppön Tein), Hauptstadt der englischen Grafschaft Northumberland, auf dem linken Ufer des Tyne, zwei Meilen oberhalb seiner Mündung in die Nordsee, der hier einen großen sichern Hafen bildet u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Newcastle [1] — Newcastle, Städte in England, s. Newcastle under Lyme und Newcastle upon Tyne …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Newcastle [3] — Newcastle (spr. nsūkáßl), 1) William Cavendish, Herzog von, geb. 1592, gest. 25. Dez. 1676, ein Neffe des ersten Grafen von Devonshire, machte sich durch seine Bildung und gewandtes Benehmen am Hofe Jakobs I. beliebt, der ihn 1620 zum Viscount… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Newcastle, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 299 Housing Units (2000): 153 Land area (2000): 0.335003 sq. miles (0.867655 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.335003 sq. miles (0.867655 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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