nematode


nematode
/nem"euh tohd'/, n.
1. any unsegmented worm of the phylum Nematoda, having an elongated, cylindrical body; a roundworm.
adj.
2. pertaining to the Nematoda.
[1860-65; NEMAT- + -ODE1]

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Any of more than 15,000 named and many more unnamed species of worms in the class Nematoda (phylum Aschelminthes).

Nematodes include plant and animal parasites and free-living forms found in soil, freshwater, saltwater, and even vinegar and beer malts. They are bilaterally symmetrical and usually tapered at both ends. Some species have separate sexes; others are hermaphroditic. They range from microscopic to about 23 ft (7 m) long. Nematode parasites can occur in almost any body organ but are most common in the digestive, circulatory, or respiratory system. Hookworms, pinworms, and eelworms are nematodes. See also filarial worm, guinea worm, trichina.

Nematode (Ascaris lumbricoides)

Javier Palaus Soler
Ostman Agency

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animal
also called  roundworm 

      any worm of the phylum Nematoda. Nematodes are among the most abundant animals on Earth. They occur as parasites in animals and plants or as free-living forms in soil, freshwater, marine environments, and even in such unusual places as vinegar and beer malts. The number of named species is about 20,000, but it is probable that only a small proportion of the free-living forms have been identified. A great deal of research has been conducted on the parasitic (parasitism) forms because most of them have some medical, veterinary, or economic importance.

      Nematodes are bilaterally symmetrical, elongate, and usually tapered at both ends. Some species possess a pseudocoel, a fluid-filled body cavity between the digestive tract and the body wall. Like arthropods and members of six other phyla, nematodes secrete an external cuticle that is periodically molted. These animals have been provisionally grouped together as the Ecdysozoa, a new taxonomic category based on the assumption that molting has evolved only once. So far, gene sequence data from several molecules support such an assumption.

 The sexes are separate in most species, but some are hermaphroditic (i.e., have both male and female reproductive organs in the same individual). Nematodes range in size from microscopic to 7 m (about 23 feet) long, the largest being the parasitic forms found in whales. Nematode parasites of animals occur in almost all organs of the body, but the most common sites are in the alimentary, circulatory, and respiratory systems. Some of these worms are known by such common names as hookworm (see photograph—>), lungworm, pinworm, threadworm, whipworm, and eelworm. Nematodes can cause a variety of diseases (such as filariasis, ascariasis, and trichinosis) and parasitize many crop plants and domesticated animals. See also aschelminth.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • nematode — nem a*tode, a. (Zo[ o]l.) Same as {Nematoid}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nematode — em a*tode, n. (Zo[ o]l.) Any worm of the phylum Nematoda; a roundworm; they are unsegmented worms having a cylindrical elongated body. They may live freely in soil or water, or as parasites in plants or animals. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nématode — ● nématode nom masculin (grec nêmatôdês, semblable à des fils) Ver némathelminthe cylindrique ou effilé, aquatique ou parasite, tel que l ascaris. (Les nématodes forment un sous embranchement.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • nematode — NEMATÓDE s.n.pl. (zool.) Clasă de viermi filiformi paraziţi, care au în partea din faţă o gură aparentă; (la sg.) vierme din această clasă. [sg. nematod, var. nematozi s.m.pl. / < fr. nématodes, cf. gr. nema – filament, eidos – formă] …   Dicționar Român

  • nematode — (n.) 1865, from Mod.L. NEMATODA (Cf. Nematoda), the class or phylum name …   Etymology dictionary

  • nematode — ► NOUN Zoology ▪ a worm of a group with slender, unsegmented, cylindrical bodies (including the roundworms, threadworms, and eelworms). ORIGIN from Greek n ma thread …   English terms dictionary

  • nematode — [nem′ə tōd΄] n. [< ModL Nematoda: see NEMATO & ODE2] any of a phylum (Nemata) of worms, often parasites of animals and plants, with long, cylindrical, unsegmented bodies and a heavy cuticle, as the hookworm or pinworm; roundworm …   English World dictionary

  • Nematode — Not to be confused with ringworm. Nematodes Unidentified roundworm from wet soil. The mouth is at the top left corner. Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Nematode — Nematoda Nématodes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nématode — Nematoda Nématodes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nematode — Fadenwürmer Heterodera glycines mit einem Ei, ein Parasit der Sojabohne Systematik Unterreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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