near


near
nearness, n.
/near/, adv., nearer, nearest, adj., nearer, nearest, prep., v.
adv.
1. close; to a point or place not far away: Come near so I won't have to shout.
2. at, within, or to a short distance.
3. close in time: The New Year draws near.
4. close in relation; closely with respect to connection, similarity, intimacy, etc. (often used in combination): a near-standing position.
5. all but; almost; nearly: a period of near 30 years.
6. Naut. close to the wind.
7. Archaic. in a thrifty or stingy manner.
adj.
8. being close by; not distant: the near fields.
9. being the lesser in distance: the near side.
10. short or direct: the near road.
11. close in time: the near future.
12. closely related or connected: our nearest relatives.
13. close to an original: a near translation.
14. closely affecting one's interests or feelings: a matter of near consequence to one.
15. intimate or familiar: a near friend.
16. narrow or close: a near escape.
17. thrifty or stingy: near with one's pocketbook.
18. (of two draft animals hitched together) being on the driver's left (as opposed to off): The near horse is going lame.
19. near at hand,
a. in the immediate vicinity: There is a shopping area near at hand.
b. in the near future; soon: The departure is near at hand.
20. at, to, or within a short distance, or no great distance, from or of: regions near the equator.
21. close to in time: near the beginning of the year.
22. close to a condition or state: He is near death.
v.t., v.i.
23. to come or draw near; approach: The boat neared the dock. Storm clouds neared.
[bef. 900; ME nere, OE near, comp. of neah NIGH]
Syn. 11. imminent, impending, approaching. 17. tight, miserly.
Ant. 1, 2, 8-11, 18. far. 17. generous.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • Near — (n[=e]r), adv. [AS. ne[ a]r, compar. of ne[ a]h nigh. See {Nigh}.] 1. At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh. [1913 Webster] My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Nearly;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • near- — /nēr / combining form Denoting almost, as in nearˈ white of a colour closely resembling white, and nearˈ silkˈ artificial silk * * * near UK [nɪə(r)] US [nɪr] prefix almost used with many nouns and adjectives It’s a near certainty (=it will… …   Useful english dictionary

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  • near — [adj1] close by physically abreast, abutting, adjacent, adjoining, alongside, along toward, approximal, around, at close quarters, available, beside, bordering, burning, close, close at hand, close by, close shave*, conterminous, contiguous,… …   New thesaurus

  • Near — Near, prep. Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, the ship sailed near the land. See the Note under {near}, a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Near — Near, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Neared}; p. pr. & vb. n {Nearing}.] [See {Near}, adv.] To approach; to come nearer; as, the ship neared the land. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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