/nah'yah rddeet"/, n.
a state in W Mexico. 699,000; 10,442 sq. mi. (27,045 sq. km). Cap.: Tepic.

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State (pop., 2000: 920,185), west-central Mexico.

It covers an area of 10,664 sq mi (27,620 sq km), and its capital is Tepic. The Sierra Madre rises steeply from the Pacific littoral and cuts the terrain into gorges and valleys. Peaks include the volcanoes Ceboruco and Sangangüey. The coastal lagoons are well-known bird refuges. The main river, Grande de Santiago, flowing from Lake Chapala, is sometimes considered a continuation of the Lerma River. The economy is primarily based on agriculture.

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 estado (state), west-central Mexico. It is bounded by the states of Sinaloa to the northwest, Durango and Zacatecas to the north and northeast, and Jalisco to the south and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. The state capital is Tepic.

      The Sierra Madre Occidental rises steeply from the narrow Pacific littoral and, running southeast, cuts the state's terrain into deep gorges and narrow valleys. Peaks include the volcanoes Ceboruco and Sanganguey. The coastal lagoons are well-known wild bird refuges. Islands and coastal areas in the Gulf of California that belong to Nayarit are part of a larger gulfwide UNESCO World Heritage site designated in 2005. The Río Grande de Santiago (Santiago, Río Grande de), sometimes considered a continuation of the Lerma River, flows into Nayarit from Lake Chapala (Chapala, Lake). The Santiago flows westward through the state, emptying north of San Blas, the state's chief Pacific port. The river's valley is extremely fertile, producing corn (maize), tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, beans, coffee, various woods, and medicinal plants. Mining is important in the mountains.

      Few of Nayarit's Native American communities have remained vital, but groups of Huichol and Cora, Tepehuan, and Mexicanero Indians live in remote mountainous areas. The state's population growth has been slowed because of the large numbers of residents seeking jobs in the Federal District, in factories just south of the U.S.-Mexican border, and within the United States. Major west-coast highways and railroads traverse Nayarit, linking Tepic with Mazatlán (in Sinaloa) and with cities in the interior.

      Nayarit was named for a 16th-century Cora governor who resisted the Spanish; Spain did not conquer the region until the early 17th century. Once part of the state of Jalisco, Nayarit became a state in its own right in 1917. State government is headed by a governor, who is elected to a single six-year term. The unicameral legislature, the State Congress, is composed of deputies elected to terms of three years. Like other Mexican states, Nayarit is divided into local governmental units called municipios (municipalities), each of which may include a city or town and its hinterland or, alternatively, a group of villages. Institutions of higher education include the Autonomous University of Nayarit and the Technological Institute of Nayarit, both in Tepic. Area 10,417 square miles (26,979 square km). Pop. (2000) 920,185; (2005) 949,684.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Nayarit — Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit   State   …   Wikipedia

  • Nayarit — Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit État libre et souverain de Nayarit …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nayarit — Nayarit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nayarit — er en stat i det vestlige Mexico. Den deler mod nord grænse med Sinaloa og Durango, mod øst og syd Jalisco, mens Stillehavet ligger mod vest. Øgruppen Islas Tres Marias i Stillehavet er en del af Nayarit. Hovedstaden hedder Tepic. De større byer… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Nayarit — es uno de los 31 estados de México y se ubica al occidente del territorio. Colinda con los estados de Sinaloa, Durango y Zacatecas hacia el norte y con el estado de Jalisco hacia el sur. Hacia el poniente tiene una importante franja costera en el …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nayarit — [nä΄yä rēt′] state of W Mexico: 10,665 sq mi (27,622 sq km); pop. 825,000; cap. Tepic …   English World dictionary

  • Nayarit — En este artículo sobre geografía se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Necesita ser wikificado conforme a las convenciones de estilo de Wikipedia. Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada. P …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nayarit — Nayarịt,   Bundesstaat Mexikos, 27 862 km2, (2000) 919 700 Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist Tepic. Nayarit liegt im Gebiet der pazifischen Küstenebene und des tief zerschluchteten Westabfalls der Sierra Madre Occidental, vom Río Grande de Santiago… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nayarit — Sp Najaritas Ap Nayarit L V Meksikos v ja …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Nayarit — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Nayarit Country and Admin Code MX.18 MX …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

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