Nation


Nation
/nay"sheuhn/, n.
Carry or Carrie (Amelia Moore), 1846-1911, U.S. temperance leader.

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I
People whose common identity creates a psychological bond and a political community.

Their political identity usually comprises such characteristics as a common language, culture, ethnicity, and history. More than one nation may comprise a state, but the terms nation, state, and country are often used interchangeably. A nation-state is a state populated primarily by the people of one nationality.
II
(as used in expressions)
Gaelic Nation
most favoured nation treatment
Nation Carry Amelia
Nation The
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Battle of the Nations
United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization
United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Office of the

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▪ medieval university group
      in medieval education, the basic organizational form of early European universities. A nation was formed when groups of students from a particular region or country banded together for mutual protection and welfare in a strange land. In some universities nations were responsible for educating and examining students. Each one was governed by its own proctor, who was elected for terms varying from one month (at the University of Paris) to a year (University of Bologna (Bologna, University of)). Through participation in elections and meetings, the students—many of whom later served on committees and councils of kings and princes—were exposed to the practical workings of constitutional government.

      At Bologna, the original site of the division into nations and the model for this development in other universities, there were four large nations: the three Italian nations—Lombard, Tuscan, and Roman—and the Ultramontane, which included French, German, and English. Each nation was subdivided into smaller provinces to represent students in university assemblies. Nations were succeeded by studia generalia (“universal study places,” or gathering places for scholars), which became permanent university locations in the late 14th and 15th centuries.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NATION — LA NATION n’est pas une réalité concrète, mais une idée. Elle n’est pas du même ordre que les formations sociales primaires telles que les clans, les tribus, les villages et les cités. Aucun des facteurs qui expliquent la formation de ces… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nation — (vor dem 14. Jahrhundert ins Deutsche übernommen, von lat. natio, „Geburt, Herkunft, Volk“) bezeichnet größere Gruppen oder Kollektive von Menschen, denen gemeinsame kulturelle Merkmale wie Sprache, Tradition, Sitten, Gebräuche oder Abstammung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • nation — Nation. s. f. Terme collectif. Tous les habitants d un mesme Estat, d un mesme pays, qui vivent sous mesmes loix, & usent de mesme langage &c. Nation puissante. nation belliqueuse, guerriere. nation civilisée. nation grossiere. nation barbare,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Nation — Студийный альбом Sepultur …   Википедия

  • Nation.1 — Official language(s) …   Wikipedia

  • nation — na‧tion [ˈneɪʆn] noun [countable] a country, considered especially in relation to its people and its social or economic structure: • The treaty was signed by 22 nations. • Developing nations want to be sure they re not locked into low standards… …   Financial and business terms

  • Nation — Na tion, n. [F. nation, L. natio nation, race, orig., a being born, fr. natus, p. p. of nasci, to be born, for gnatus, gnasci, from the same root as E. kin. [root]44. See {Kin} kindred, and cf. {Cognate}, {Natal}, {Native}.] 1. (Ethnol.) A part,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nation — Sf std. (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. nātio ( ōnis), einer Ableitung von l. nāscī (nātus sum) geboren werden , das mit l. genus n. Geschlecht, Art, Gattung verwandt ist. Ausgangsbedeutung ist also Gemeinschaft von Menschen derselben… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Nation — Nation: Das seit dem Ende des 14. Jh.s bezeugte Fremdwort geht auf lat. natio (nationis) »das Geborenwerden; das Geschlecht; der ‹Volks›stamm, das Volk« zurück, das zu lat. nasci (< * gnasci) »geboren werden, entstehen« bzw. zu dem… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Nation — (latin) kan både betyde indbegrebet af de mennesker, som har sprog og afstamning fælles. Være en betegnelse for den del af dem, som lever under fælles politisk styring. Endelig en stats indbyggere, uanset om de er forskellige i sprog og… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • nation — (n.) c.1300, from O.Fr. nacion birth, rank; descendants, relatives; country, homeland (12c.) and directly from L. nationem (nom. natio) birth, origin; breed, stock, kind, species; race of people, tribe, lit. that which has been born, from natus,… …   Etymology dictionary


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