Nanjing


Nanjing
/nahn"jing"/, n. Pinyin.
a port in and the capital of Jiangsu province, in E China, on the Chang Jiang: a former capital of China. 1,750,000.

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I
or Nan-ching conventional Nanking

City (pop., 1999 est.: 2,388,915), capital of Jiangsu province, east-central China.

Located on the southern bank of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) northwest of Shanghai, the site has been inhabited for thousands of years. The present city was founded in 1368 by the Ming dynasty, which had its capital there (1368–1421). It was taken by the British in the Opium Wars of 1842 and was largely destroyed during the Taiping Rebellion in 1853–64. Nanjing was opened as a treaty port in 1899 and was the Nationalist capital from 1928 to 1937; it was then taken by the Japanese. It was the site of the Nanjing Massacre in the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–45. It was occupied by communist forces in 1949 and became the provincial capital in 1952. It is a port city and a major industrial and communications centre with a university and several colleges. Nearby monuments include mausoleums of Sun Yat-sen and a Ming emperor.
II
(as used in expressions)
Rape of Nanjing
Nanjing Treaty of

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Nanjing — Nanjing, Nanking Nankingprop. n. a former capital of China. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nanjing — → Nankín …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Nanjing — [nän′jiŋ′] city in E China, on the Chang; capital of Jiangsu province: pop. 2,091,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Nanjing — This article is about the city in Jiangsu province. For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). Nanjing 南京   Sub provincial city   南京市 …   Wikipedia

  • Nanjing — 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Nanjing — 1 Original name in latin Nanjing Name in other language Gorad Nankin, NKG, Nam Kinh, Namkin, Nan czin, Nan ching, Nan ching shih, Nanchino, Nanchinum, Nandzin, Nandzing, Nandzjina, Nanding, Nanjing, Nanjing Shi, Nankin, Nankinas, Nanking,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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