Nagoya


Nagoya
/neuh goy"euh/; Japn. /nah"gaw yah'/, n.
a city on S Honshu, in central Japan. 2,087,884.

* * *

City (pop., 2000 prelim.: 2,171,378), southern Honshu, Japan.

Located east of Kyōto, at the head of Ise Bay, it is one of Japan's leading industrial cities. Manufactures include textiles, watches, bicycles, sewing machines, machine tools, chemicals, and ceramics. The city dates from 1610, when a great castle was erected by the Owari branch of the Tokugawa shogunate; the castle was destroyed during World War II and rebuilt in 1959. The city's educational and cultural institutions include Nagoya University and the Tokugawa Art Museum. The Atsuta Shrine and the Ise Shrine located there are the oldest and most highly esteemed Shintō shrines in Japan.

* * *

Japan
      capital of Aichi ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan, and one of the country's leading industrial cities. It is located at the head of Ise Bay.

      The history of Nagoya dates from 1610, when a great castle was erected by the Owari branch of the powerful Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji Restoration (1868), which marked the end of shogunal government, Nagoya continued as a commercial centre. The development of Nagoya's port, especially after World War II, and the advantages of the city's central location and abundant hydroelectric power from the rivers of central Honshu stimulated the growth of heavy industry. The traditional manufactures of timepieces, bicycles, and sewing machines were followed by the production of special steels, chemicals, oil, and petrochemicals, as the area's automobile, aviation, and shipbuilding industries flourished.

      Several railways, including the high-speed Shinkansen (“New Trunk Line”) railway service running between Ōsaka and Tokyo, converge on Nagoya. The city is linked to other countries through its port, from which canals lead inland to industrial areas, and by Nagoya Airport, on the north side of the city.

      Nagoya abounds in cultural assets. Educational institutions include Nagoya University (1939), Nagoya Institute of Technology (1949), and Nagoya City University (1950). An important landmark is Nagoya Castle, originally built in 1610–12 but destroyed by fire during World War II; it was rebuilt in 1959. The Tokugawa Art Museum preserves the collection of the Tokugawa family. The Atsuta Shrine and the nearby Grand Shrine of Ise are the oldest and most highly esteemed Shintō shrines in Japan. Other institutions include Citizen Hall, Aichi Cultural Centre, Chūnichi Hall, and Misono Theatre. Higashiyama Park is noted for its zoological and botanical gardens. Pop. (2005) 2,215,062.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nagoya — shi 名古屋市 Geographische Lage in Japan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nagoya — (名古屋) Vue de la ville Administration Pays Japon Région Chūbu Préfecture …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nagoya-jo — Nagoya jō Nagoya jō mit dem Hommaru Palast um 1880. Der Hommaru Palast verbrannte im Zweiten Weltkrieg, soll aber rekonstruiert werden Nagoya jō …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nagoya-jō — mit dem Hommaru Palast um 1880. Der Hommaru Palast verbrannte im Zweiten Weltkrieg, soll aber rekonstruiert werden Nagoya jō …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nagoya — Nagoya,   Hafenstadt auf Honshū, Japan, an der Isebucht, 2,09 Mio. Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz der Präfektur Aichi; katholischer Bischofssitz; mehrere Universitäten u. a. Hochschulen, Fachschulen, Museen, Planetarium, meteorologisches… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nagoya — (en japonés: 名古屋市; shi) es la cuarta ciudad más grande de Japón. Localizada en la costa del Pacífico en la región de Chubu, en el centro de la isla de Honshu, es la capital de la prefectura de Aichi. Es la capital japonesa de la industria… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nagoya — v. et port du Japon, au S. de Honshû; 2 127 580 hab.; ch. l. de ken. Grand centre industriel. Université. Temples bouddhiques et shintoïstes; château (XVIIe s.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nagoya — [nä′gō̂ yä′] seaport in S Honshu, Japan, on an inlet of the Pacific: pop. 2,088,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Nagoya — For the small town in Batam, Indonesia, see Nagoya, Batam. Nagoya 名古屋   Designated city   名古屋市 · City of Nagoya[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Nagoya — 名古屋市 Nagoya …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.