Nabataean

Nabataean
/nab'euh tee"euhn/, n.
1. a subject of an ancient Arab kingdom in Palestine that became a Roman province in A.D. 106.
2. the Aramaic dialect of the Nabataeans.
adj.
3. of or pertaining to the Nabataeans, their kingdom, or their dialect.
Also, Nabatean.
[1595-1605; < L Nabatae(a) name of kingdom + -AN]

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people
      member of a people of ancient Arabia whose settlements lay in the borderlands between Syria and Arabia, from the Euphrates River to the Red Sea. Little is known about them before 312 BC, when they were unsuccessfully attacked by Demetrius I Poliorcetes, king of Macedonia, in their mountain fortress of Petra south of the Dead Sea. Their monopoly on the rich caravan trade that passed from the Arabian interior to the coast was the chief source of their prosperity.

      As the Seleucid kingdom grew weaker in the 2nd century BC, the Nabataean kingdom increased in strength and extended its frontiers to the north and east and probably to the south along the eastern coast of the Red Sea. The Nabataeans occupied Ḥawrān, and shortly after 85 BC their king Aretas III ruled Damascus and Coele Syria (Lebanon). Upon the Roman general Pompey's entry into Palestine (63 BC), Aretas became a Roman vassal, retaining Damascus and his other conquests; Damascus, however, was later annexed by the Roman emperor Nero (reigned AD 54–68).

      The final period of Nabataean history was one of peaceful prosperity as allies of Rome. Hellenistic influences may be traced in the royal coinage and in the rock-cut architecture at Petra. When the Roman emperor Trajan annexed the kingdom (AD 105–106) and set up the new province of Arabia, Bostra (Bozrah), east of the Jordan River, was chosen in place of Petra as the provincial capital.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Nabataean — adjective or noun see Nabataea …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nabataean — n. resident of Nabataea, one who is from Nabataea (also Nabatean) adj. of or pertaining to the people of an ancient Arabian kingdom, of the language of the Nabataeans (also Nabatean) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Nabataean — [ˌnabə ti:ən] (also Nabatean) noun 1》 a member of an ancient Arabian people having a kingdom with its capital at Petra (now in Jordan). 2》 the extinct language of the Nabataeans. adjective relating to the Nabataeans. Origin from L. Nabat(h)aeus,… …   English new terms dictionary

  • nabataean — nab·a·tae·an …   English syllables

  • Nabataean — /næbəˈtiən/ (say nabuh teeuhn) noun 1. one of a group of people living around Petra, south east of Palestine in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. 2. the extinct language, a form of Aramaic, spoken by these people. –adjective 3. of or relating to …   Australian English dictionary

  • nabataean — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nabataean language — Nabataean Fragment from a dedicatory inscription in Nabataean script to the god Qasiu.[1] Spoken in …   Wikipedia

  • Nabataean alphabet — Nabataean Type Abjad Languages Nabataean language Time period 2nd century BC to 4th century AD Parent systems Proto Sinaitic alphabet …   Wikipedia

  • Nabataean kingdom — Malkûtâ Nabatu ← 168 BC–AD 106 …   Wikipedia

  • Nabataean alphabet — ▪ writing system       writing system used between approximately 150 BC and AD 150 in the Nabataean kingdom of Petra in the Arabian Peninsula. Used by the Nabataeans to write the Aramaic language, this alphabet was related to the Aramaic alphabet …   Universalium


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