Mytilene


Mytilene
/mit'l ee"nee/; Gk. /mee'tee lee"nee/, n.
1. Also called Lesbos. a Greek island in the NE Aegean. 97,000; 836 sq. mi. (2165 sq. km).
2. Also called Kastro. the capital of this island. 24,157.

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Greece
Modern Greek  Mitilíni,  
 chief town of the island of Lesbos and of the nomós (department) of Lesbos, Greece. Mytilene, whose name is pre-Greek, is also the seat of a metropolitan bishop of the Orthodox church. The ancient city, lying off the east coast, was initially confined to an island that later was joined to Lesbos, creating a north and south harbour. Mytilene contested successfully with Methymna in the north of the island for the leadership of the island in the seventh century BC and became the centre of the island's prosperous hinterland. From the 6th century BC the city suffered from dictators, wars with Athens, Persian conquest, and civil revolts. It was made a free city under the Romans. From 1355 to 1462 the Gateluzzi family occupied the island, rebuilding (1373) the Byzantine fortress. In 1462 Lesbos fell to the Turks, who held it until 1912, when it joined the Greek kingdom. In 1958 a Greek theatre, overlooking the town from the hillside, was excavated. Pop. (1981) 24,115.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Mytilene — Mytilène Mytilène (el) Μυτιλήνη Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mytilène — ch. l. de l île grecque de Lesbos (dite aussi Mytilène); 24 120 hab. Lesbos ou Mytilène île grecque de la mer égée; 2 154 km²; 103 700 hab.; ch. l. Mytilène. Pêche. Oliveraies. Tourisme. Génoise au XIVe s. puis turque, l île revint à la Grèce en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mytilēne — Mytilēne, Tochter des Makareus od. Pelops, nach welcher die Stadt Mytilene (s. Metelino) benannt wurde …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mytiléne — MYTILÉNE, es, Gr. Μυτιλήνη, ης, (⇒ Tab. X.) des Makaris, oder, nach andern, des Pelops Tochter, von welcher die Insel Mytilene den Namen bekommen haben soll. Steph. Byz. in Μυτιλήνη …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Mytilēne — (Mitylene), im Altertum die wichtigste Stadt der asiatischen Äoler und der Insel Lesbos, hatte zwei Häfen sowie starke Befestigungen und war durch ihre hohe Bildung wie eifrige Förderung von Kunst und Wissenschaft von altersher berühmt (s.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mytilene — Mytilēne (unrichtig Mitylene), jetzt Mitilini, türk. Midüllü, Hauptstadt der Insel M. oder Lesbos (s.d.), auf der Ostküste, 55.000 E.; Handel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mytilene — [mit΄ l ē′nē] alt. sp. of MITILÍNI …   English World dictionary

  • Mytilène — 39° 06′ N 26° 33′ E / 39.1, 26.55 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mytilene — Gemeinde Mytilini Δήμος Μυτιλήνης (Μυτιλήνη) DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia