mycobacterium

mycobacterium
/muy'koh bak tear"ee euhm/, n., pl. mycobacteria /-tear"ee euh/. Bacteriol.
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, certain species of which, as M. tuberculosis, are pathogenic for humans and animals.
[ < NL (1896); see MYCO-, BACTERIUM]

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Any of the rod-shaped bacteria that make up the genus Mycobacterium.

The two most important species cause tuberculosis and leprosy in humans; another species causes tuberculosis in both cattle and humans. Some mycobacteria live on decaying organic matter; others are parasites. Most are found in soil and water in a free-living form or in diseased tissue of animals. Various antibiotics have had some success against mycobacterium infections.

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      genus of rod-shaped bacteria of the family Mycobacteriaceae (order Actinomycetales), the most important species of which, M. tuberculosis and M. leprae, cause tuberculosis and leprosy, respectively, in humans. M. bovis causes tuberculosis in cattle and in humans. Some mycobacteria are saprophytes (i.e., they live on decaying organic matter), and others are obligate parasites. Most are found in soil and water in a free-living form or in diseased tissue of animals. Streptomycin, rifampin, and species-specific antimicrobial agents have had some success in treating Mycobacterium infections.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Mycobacterium — tuberculosis (Ziehl Neelsen Färbung) Systematik Domäne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mycobacterium — TEM micrograph of M. tuberculosis. Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Mycobacterium — Mycobacterium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mycobacterium — género de bacterias de la familia micobacteriáceas, orden actinomicetales Son bacilos delgados, grampositivos, acidorresistentes y que ofrecen una ramificación dicotómica característica. La mayoría de sus especies son de crecimiento lento y… …   Diccionario médico

  • mycobacterium — n.; pl. {mycobacteria}. Any of various rod shaped bacteria, some saprophytic or causing diseases. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mycobacterium — [mī΄kō bak tir′ē əm] n. pl. mycobacteria [mī΄kō bak tir′ə] [ModL: see MYCO & BACTERIA] any of a genus (Mycobacterium) of rod shaped, Gram positive bacteria, as those causing tuberculosis and leprosy …   English World dictionary

  • Mycobacterium — См. Микобактерии (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Mycobacterium — vgl. Mykobakterie …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Mycobacterium —   Mycobacterium …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mycobacterium — Cult …   Wikipédia en Français


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