Mycenaean


Mycenaean
/muy'si nee"euhn/, adj.
1. of or pertaining to the ancient city of Mycenae.
2. denoting or pertaining to the ancient civilization at Mycenae, dating from c2000 to c1100 B.C.
n.
3. Also called Mycenaean Greek. the earliest recorded Greek dialect, written in the Linear B syllabary and dating from the 15th through the 13th centuries B.C.
[1590-1600; MYCENAE + -AN]

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Any member of a group of warlike Indo-European peoples who entered Greece from the north starting с 1900 BC and established a Bronze Age culture on the mainland and nearby islands.

Their culture was dependent on that of the Minoans of Crete, who for a time politically dominated them. They threw off Minoan control с 1400 and were dominant in the Aegean until they themselves were overwhelmed by the next wave of invaders с 1150. Mycenae continued to exist as a city-state into the period of Greek dominance, but by the 2nd century AD it was in ruins. Mycenaean myths and legends lived on through oral transmission into later stages of Greek civilization and form the basis of Homeric epic and Greek tragedy. Their language is believed to be the most ancient form of Greek.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mycenaean — may refer to: Something from or belonging to the ancient town of Mycenae in Peloponnese in Greece Mycenaean Greece, the Greek speaking regions of the Aegean Sea as of the Late Bronze Age Mycenaean language, an ancient form of Greek Helladic… …   Wikipedia

  • Mycenaean — 1590s, pertaining to Mycenae, the ancient city on the Argive plain, from L. Mycenaeus, from Gk. Mykenaios of Mycenae, from Mykenai. In reference to the Aegean civilization that flourished 1500 1100 B.C.E. and was centered on Mycenae, it is from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mycenaean — [mī΄sə nē′ən] adj. 1. of Mycenae 2. designating or of a Bronze Age civilization which existed in Greece, Crete, Asia Minor, etc. from c. 1700 to c. 1100 B.C …   English World dictionary

  • Mycenaean — also Mycenian adjective Date: 1598 1. of, relating to, or characteristic of Mycenae, its people, or the period (1400 to 1100 B.C.) of Mycenae s political ascendancy 2. characteristic of the Bronze Age Mycenaean culture of the eastern… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mycenaean — 1. adjective a) Of or relating to ancient Mycenae or its inhabitants. b) Of or relating to the Mycenaean civilization, the early Greek civilization that spread its influence from Mycenae to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Central… …   Wiktionary

  • Mycenaean — adj. of the city of Mycenae, belonging to the ancient Mycenaean culture (in southern Greece) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Mycenaean — [ˌmʌɪsɪ ni:ən] (also Mycenean) Archaeology adjective relating to or denoting a late Bronze Age civilization in Greece represented by finds at Mycenae and other ancient cities of the Peloponnese. noun an inhabitant of Mycenae or member of the… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Mycenaean — My•ce•nae•an or My•ce•ne•an [[t]ˌmaɪ sɪˈni ən[/t]] adj. 1) anh of or pertaining to ancient Mycenae or its inhabitants 2) ara anh denoting or pertaining to the ancient civilization at Mycenae, dating from c2000 to c1100 b.c. 3) peo a) a native or… …   From formal English to slang

  • Mycenaean — adj. & n. adj. Archaeol. of or relating to the late Bronze Age civilization in Greece (c.1500 1100 BC), depicted in the Homeric poems and represented by finds at Mycenae and elsewhere. n. an inhabitant of Mycenae or the Mycenaean world. Etymology …   Useful english dictionary

  • mycenaean — my·ce·nae·an …   English syllables


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