- Muscle Shoals
former rapids of the Tennessee River in SW Alabama, changed into a lake by Wilson Dam: part of the Tennessee Valley Authority.
* * *Former rapids, Tennessee River, northwestern Alabama, U.S. At about 37 mi (60 km) long, it was a navigation hazard but is now submerged under at least 9 ft (3 m) of water by the Wilson, Wheeler, and Pickwick Landing dams, which completely eliminated the rapids.Manufacturing plants and hydroelectric power facilities are administered by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The city of Muscle Shoals (pop., 2000: 11,924) developed from the TVA complex in the Wilson Dam area.
* * *section of the Tennessee River, in Colbert and Lauderdale counties, northwestern Alabama, U.S.; it was formerly a navigation hazard but is now submerged by dams. Mussels were abundant in the area, and the name given to the shoals was an obsolete form of the word mussel. Flinty, jagged rocks occurred near the surface, and the sharp fall of the river—some 130 feet (40 metres) in 37 miles (60 km)—produced extensive rapids. The worst of the shoals and other obstructions in that stretch of the river lay to the east of the metropolitan area formed by the cities of Sheffield, Florence, Tuscumbia, and Muscle Shoals.With the advent of steamboating in the early 1800s, the Tennessee River was seen as potentially a major channel of transportation extending from Knoxville, Tennessee, to the Ohio River in Kentucky and, finally, to the Mississippi River. For 100 years, however, the shoals defied repeated efforts to make them safe for navigation. Canals, completed in 1836 and in 1890, proved inadequate. Efforts around the turn of the 20th century by private companies to build dams, which could also be used for hydroelectric power, were superseded (1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Theodore), who believed in the need to preserve public control of the power resources of the river.Following the outbreak of World War I, Congress was concerned with ensuring the supply of nitrates (used to make munitions), and it authorized (1916) the construction of two nitrate-manufacturing plants and a dam for hydropower as a national defense measure. President Woodrow Wilson (Wilson, Woodrow) chose Muscle Shoals as the site of the dam, which was later named for him, and the plants. From 1921 to 1933 a national controversy over public versus private ownership of these facilities raged. The argument was finally resolved when the Muscle Shoals properties were turned over to the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).The later completion of Wheeler Dam, 17 miles (27 km) upriver from Wilson Dam, and Pickwick Landing Dam, 53 miles (85 km) downriver from Wilson Dam, in Tennessee, completely eliminated the hazardous rapids. The city of Muscle Shoals developed from the TVA complex centred in the Wilson Dam area.
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Muscle Shoals — est une agglomération du nord est de l Alabama, aux États Unis. Mais en musique, le nom « Muscle Shoals » évoque surtout les célèbres studios d enregistrement spécialisés dans la musique soul qui y sont implantés. L agglomération est… … Wikipédia en Français
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Muscle Shoals — Ciudad de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
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Muscle Shoals — Muscle Shoals, AL U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 11924 Housing Units (2000): 5010 Land area (2000): 12.171474 sq. miles (31.523972 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001842 sq. miles (0.004772 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.173316 sq. miles (31 … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
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Muscle Shoals — (spr. Möss l Schohls), eine Anzahl Untiefen mit Stromschnellen im Tennessee River zwischen den Grafschaften Lawrence u. Lauderdale des Staates Alabama (Nordamerika), welche die Schifffahrt auf dem Strom für 5 Meilen Länge unmöglich machen. Zur… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Muscle Shoals — Antiguos bajos fondos del río Tennessee en el noroeste del estado de Alabama en EE.UU. Tenían 60 km (37 mi) aprox. de largo y eran un peligro para la navegación, pero en la actualidad se encuentran sumergidos bajo al menos 3 m (9 pies) de agua… … Enciclopedia Universal
Muscle Shoals — Original name in latin Muscle Shoals Name in other language MSL, Masl Shouls, Masl Shols, ma si er xiao er si, masl shaywlz, alabama, msl shwls, alabama, Масл Шоулс, Масл Шолс, State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 34.74481… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Muscle Shoals — Mus′cle Shoals n. geg former rapids of the Tennessee River in SW Alabama, changed into a lake by Wilson Dam: part of the Tennessee Valley Authority … From formal English to slang