municipality


municipality
/myooh nis'euh pal"i tee/, n., pl. municipalities.
1. a city, town, or other district possessing corporate existence and usually its own local government.
2. a community under municipal jurisdiction.
3. the governing body of such a district or community.
[1780-90; < F municipalité. See MUNICIPAL, -ITY]

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      in the United States, urban unit of local government. A municipality is a political subdivision of a state within which a municipal corporation has been established to provide general local government for a specific population concentration in a defined area. A municipality may be designated as a city, borough, village, or town, except in the New England states, New York, and Wisconsin, where the name town signifies a subdivision of the county or state by area. The municipality is one of several basic types of local government, the others being counties, townships, school districts, and special districts.

      Municipal corporations are organized under the applicable state constitution and laws, with powers of government expressly or implicitly conferred by that constitution and laws, and also by charter. Within the municipality, these powers are exercised by a governing body elected by the people. A municipality is basically the response of the state government to the need for certain public services (i.e., waste disposal, police and fire protection, water supply, health services) in addition to what is available from the county or other local governments in the area.

      In many European countries the law provides for types of local government units to which the term municipality may be applied—as in France (commune), Italy (comune), the Low Countries (gemeente), and most of the Scandinavian countries. Several other European countries, notably Great Britain and Germany, have a diversified system of local government in which several different categories exist. In Great Britain the term municipality is in general used only for the large boroughs (municipal corporations).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • municipality — mu·nic·i·pal·i·ty /myu̇ ˌni sə pa lə tē/ n pl ties: a primarily urban municipal corporation; also: the governing body of a municipality Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. municipality …   Law dictionary

  • municipality — Under Title 11 U.S.C. Section 101: (40) The term municipality means political subdivision or public agency or instrumentality of a State. United Glossary of Bankruptcy Terms 2012 …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • Municipality — Mu*nic i*pal i*ty, n.; pl. {Municipalities}. [Cf. F. municipalit[ e].] A municipal district; a borough, city, or incorporated town or village. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • municipality — UK US /mjuːˌnɪsɪˈpæləti/ noun [C] (plural municipalities) GOVERNMENT ► a city or town that has its own government: »The smoking ban that started in 13 municipalities in New Mexico, including Santa Fe and Albuquerque, has now officially gone… …   Financial and business terms

  • municipality — (n.) 1789, from Fr. municipalité, from municipal (see MUNICIPAL (Cf. municipal)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • municipality — [n] city borough, community, district, metropolis, precinct, town, township, village; concept 507 …   New thesaurus

  • municipality — ► NOUN (pl. municipalities) ▪ a town or district that has local government …   English terms dictionary

  • municipality — [myo͞o nis΄ə pal′ə tē] n. pl. municipalities [Fr municipalité < municipal < L municipalis,MUNICIPAL] 1. a city, town, etc. having its own incorporated government for local affairs 2. its governing officials …   English World dictionary

  • Municipality — The Ponce City Hall, in the city of Ponce, is the seat of the government for both the city and the surrounding barrios making up the municipality. A municipality is essentially an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually… …   Wikipedia

  • municipality — [[t]mjuːnɪ̱sɪpæ̱lɪti[/t]] municipalities 1) N COUNT In Britain, a municipality is a city or town which is governed by its own locally appointed officials. You can also refer to a city s or town s local government as a municipality. 2) N COUNT In… …   English dictionary


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