muezzin


muezzin
/myooh ez"in, mooh-/, n.
the crier who, from a minaret or other high part of a mosque, at stated hours five times daily, intones aloud the call summoning Muslims to prayer.
[1575-85; < Turk müezzin < Ar mu'adhdhin]

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▪ Islamic religious official
Arabic  Muʾaddin,  

      in Islām, the official who proclaims the call to prayer ( adhān) on Friday for the public worship and the call to the daily prayer (alāt) five times a day, at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and nightfall. To summon worshipers the Jews use a trumpet and the Christians use a bell, but the Muslims use the human voice. The muezzin is the servant of the mosque and is chosen for his good character. He stands either at the door or side of a small mosque or on the minaret (manāra) of a large one. He faces each of the four compass directions in turn: east, west, north, and south. To each direction he cries: “Allāh is most great. I testify that there is no God but Allāh. I testify that Muḥammad is the prophet of Allāh. Come to prayer. Come to salvation. Allāh is most great. There is no God but Allāh.” Shīʾite muezzin add, “Come to the best work,” after “Come to salvation.” Many mosques have installed electronic recordings of the call to prayer, and amplifiers have displaced the muezzin.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MUEZZIN — Dans les pays islamiques le muezzin (en arabe mu’adhdhin ) est «celui qui récite l’adh n », c’est à dire l’appel à la célébration cultuelle du vendredi et aux cinq prières rituelles quotidiennes ( ルal t ). Ce personnage, jusqu’à une période très… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • muezzin — mu*ez zin (m[ u]*[e^]z z[i^]n), n. [Ar.] A Mohammedan crier of the hour of prayer; the Moslem official of a mosque who summons the faithful to prayer from a minaret five times a day. [Written also {mouezzin}, {mueddin}, {muazzin}, {mu adhdhin},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • muezzin — (n.) official who calls Muslims to prayer from the minaret of a mosque, 1580s, from Arabic muadhdhin, properly active participle of adhdhana, frequentative of adhanna he proclaimed, from uthn ear. Cf. Hebrew he ezin he gave ear, heard, from ozen… …   Etymology dictionary

  • muezzin — ► NOUN ▪ a man who calls Muslims to prayer from the minaret of a mosque. ORIGIN from Arabic, proclaim …   English terms dictionary

  • muezzin — [myo͞o ez′in] n. [Ar mu adhdhin, prp. of adhdhana, freq. of adhana, to proclaim < udhn, an ear] in Muslim countries, a crier, as in a minaret, who calls the people to prayer five times a day …   English World dictionary

  • Muezzin — Jean Léon Gérôme. A Muezzin Calling from the Top of a Minaret the Faithful to Prayer (1879) …   Wikipedia

  • Muezzin — Un muezzin appelant du haut du minaret les fidèles à la prière (tableau de Jean Léon Gérôme, 1879) Le muezzin (du turc müezzin, lui même issu de l arabe مؤذّن muaḏḏin, signifiant celui qui fait l appel) est le membre de la mosquée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Muezzin — Bild eines Muezzins (Jean Léon Gérôme 1879) Der Muezzin (arabisch ‏مؤذّن‎ mu adhdhin, DMG muʾaḏḏin) ist ein Ausruf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • muezzin — UK [muˈezɪn] / US / US [ˈmuəzɪn] noun [countable] Word forms muezzin : singular muezzin plural muezzins the official of a mosque who calls from a tower to let Muslims know it is time to pray …   English dictionary