morris dance


morris dance
/mawr"is, mor"-/
a rural folk dance of north English origin, performed in costume traditionally by men who originally represented characters of the Robin Hood legend, esp. in May Day festivities. Also called morris.
[1425-75; late ME moreys daunce Moorish dance; see MOORISH]

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Ritual folk dance mainly danced in rural England from about the 15th century.

The name, a variant of "Moorish," possibly arose in reference to the dancers' blacking their faces as part of the ritual disguise. It is principally a fertility dance, performed especially in the spring. Danced by groups of men often dressed in white and wearing bells on their legs, the steps are varied and intricate and are maintained in a jog-trot while handkerchiefs are waved in both hands. It calls for individual characters such as a hobbyhorse and a fool.

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dance
also spelled  Moresgue, Morrice, Morisque, or Morrisk,  

      ritual folk dance performed in rural England by groups of specially chosen and trained men; less specifically, a variety of related customs, such as mumming (mumming play), as well as some popular entertainments derived from them. Similar customs are widespread throughout Europe and extend to the Middle East, India, and parts of Central and South America. Notable examples are the Perchten dancer-masqueraders of Austria, the ritual dances such as the moriscas (or moriscos), santiagos, and matachinas of the Mediterranean and Latin America, and the călușari of Romania. The wide distribution of such dances suggests an ancient Indo-European origin. A common feature of many of them is that of a group of dancing men attendant on a pagan god who celebrates his revival after death. Often the dancers wear white clothes and dance with bells fastened to the legs or body. A feeling that the dances have magic power or bring luck persists wherever they are traditionally performed.

      The central figure of the dances, usually an animal-man, varies considerably in importance. In some cases, he may dominate the rite; in others—as in many English Morris dances—the young men in the corps d'élite may dominate, with the animal-man and other dramatic characters either relegated to the subsidiary role of comics or omitted. The name Morris is also associated with the horn dance held each year at Abbots Bromley, Staffordshire, Eng. This dance-procession includes six animal-men bearing deer antlers, three white and three black sets; a man-woman, or Maid Marian, and a fool, both carrying phallic symbols; a hobby horse; and a youth with a crossbow who shoots at the leading “stags” whenever possible.

      A comparable surviving animal custom is the May Day procession of a man-horse, notably at Padstow, Cornwall. There, the central figure, “Oss Oss,” is a witch doctor disguised as a horse and wearing a medicine mask. The dancers are attendants who sing the May Day song, beat drums, and in turn act the horse or dance in attendance. The name Morris is also associated with groups of mummers who act, rather than dance, the death-and-survival rite at the turn of the year.

      Throughout history, the Morris seems to have been common. It was imported from village festivities into popular entertainment after the invention of the court masque by Henry VIII. The word Morris apparently derived from “morisco,” meaning “Moorish.” Cecil Sharp (Sharp, Cecil), whose collecting of Morris dances preserved many from extinction, suggested that it might have arisen from the dancers' blacking their faces as part of the necessary ritual disguise.

      Among specific Morris dances are Bean Setting, Leap Frog, and Laudnum Bunches. The few solo Morris dances are called Morris jigs; an example is the Shepherds' Hey. The name Morris dance is sometimes loosely applied to sword dances in which a group of men weave their swords into intricate patterns. Compare sword dance.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morris Dance — On danse du morris à la Fête du Coucou dans le Wiltshire La Morris dance est une danse traditionnelle anglaise qui faisait partie autrefois des processions et autres fêtes célébrant surtout le mois de mai. Elle est attribuée aux Berbères. Le nom… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Morris dance — Dance Dance, n. [F. danse, of German origin. See {Dance}, v. i.] 1. The leaping, tripping, or measured stepping of one who dances; an amusement, in which the movements of the persons are regulated by art, in figures and in accord with music.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • morris dance — (n.) mid 15c., moreys daunce Moorish dance, from Flem. mooriske dans, from O.Fr. morois Moorish, Arab, black, from More Moor (see MOOR (Cf. Moor)). Unknown why the English dance was called this, unless in reference to fantastic dancing or… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Morris dance — Cotswold morris with handkerchiefs Morris dance is a form of English folk dance usually accompanied by music. It is based on rhythmic stepping and the execution of choreographed figures by a group of dancers. Implements such as sticks, swords,… …   Wikipedia

  • morris dance —    The most widely known ceremonial *dance form in England, although the name includes a range of types and styles. The common features are that the dancers were almost invariably male, wore a special costume, and they danced for display on… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Morris dance — On danse du morris à la Fête du Coucou dans le Wiltshire La Morris dance est une danse traditionnelle anglaise qui faisait partie autrefois des processions et autres fêtes célébrant surtout le mois de mai. Destinée à l origine à célébrer l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • morris dance — Morisco Mo*ris co, n. [Sp. morisco Moorish.] A thing of Moorish origin; as: (a) The Moorish language. (b) A Moorish dance, now called {morris dance}. Marston. (c) One who dances the Moorish dance. Shak. (d) Moresque decoration or architecture.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • morris dance — noun a traditional English dance performed outdoors by groups of dancers wearing costumes with small bells attached and carrying handkerchiefs or sticks. Derivatives morris dancer noun morris dancing noun Origin ME: morris from morys, var. of… …   English new terms dictionary

  • morris dance — n. a traditional English dance by groups of people in fancy costume, usu. as characters in legend, with ribbons and bells. Derivatives: morris dancer n. morris dancing n. Etymology: morys, var. of MOORISH …   Useful english dictionary

  • morris dance — /ˈmɒrəs dæns/ (say moruhs dans) noun a folk dance, performed by persons in costume, often representing personages of the Robin Hood legend, formerly common in England, especially in May Day festivities. Also, morris. {late Middle English moreys… …   Australian English dictionary


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