Morelos


Morelos
/maw rdde"laws/, n.
a state in S central Mexico. 866,000; 1916 sq. mi. (4960 sq. km). Cap.: Cuernavaca.

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State (pop., 2000: 1,555,296), central Mexico.

It covers 1,911 sq mi (4,950 sq km), and its capital is Cuernavaca. Located on the southern slope of the central Mexican plateau, it is one of the country's most flourishing agricultural states, with valleys that produce a variety of agricultural products. It was named for José María Morelos and was the birthplace of Emiliano Zapata, both of whom were heroes of Mexico's wars for independence.

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   estado (state), central Mexico. It is bordered to the west and north by the state of México and the Federal District, to the east and southeast by the state of Puebla, and to the south and southwest by the state of Guerrero. The capital is Cuernavaca.

      Morelos occupies the southern end of the Mesa Central, its relief broken by volcanic mountains. It is drained by the Amacuzac River, a northern tributary of the Balsas River. The state is densely settled and urbanized, with more than half of its population concentrated in the capital city.

      Manufacturing and services account for the bulk of employment. Chief products include textiles, chemicals, refined sugar, and other food products. Nahua Indians still practice subsistence agriculture, based on corn (maize), wheat, fruits, and vegetables; sugarcane and rice are also grown. Rail and road networks are extensive, and an express highway links Cuernavaca to Mexico City and to the port of Acapulco in the state of Guerrero.

      Morelos was an important province in both preconquest and Spanish colonial times. From about AD 650 to 900, monumental buildings were erected at Xochicalco, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999. In the early 1500s numerous missions were set up on the slopes of Popocatépetl in what are now Morelos and Puebla states; the mission buildings were collectively granted World Heritage status in 1994. The state is named for José María Morelos y Pavón (Morelos, José María), one of the heroes of Mexico's wars for independence. Morelos was also the birthplace of Emiliano Zapata (Zapata, Emiliano), an insurgent leader in the Mexican Revolution.

      State government is headed by a governor, who is elected to a single six-year term. Members of the unicameral legislature (State Congress) are elected to three-year terms. Morelos is divided into numerous local governmental units called municipios (municipalities), each of which is headquartered in a prominent city, town, or village. The Autonomous University of the State of Morelos was founded in the capital in 1953. Area 1,911 square miles (4,950 square km). Pop. (2000) 1,555,296; (2005) 1,612,899.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morelos — Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos État libre et souverain de Morelos …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Morelos II — Desplegamiento del satélite Morelos II Organización …   Wikipedia Español

  • Morelos — Morelos …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morelos I — Organización …   Wikipedia Español

  • Morelos — er en delstat i Mexico. Den har et areal på 4.941 km² og er dermed en af de mindste delstater i landet. Morelos deler mod nord og øst grænse med delstaten Mexico, mod øst Puebla og mod syd Guerrero. I 2003 var det anslåede indbyggertal 1.616.900 …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Morēlos — Morēlos, Binnenstaat der Republik Mexiko, südöstlich von dem Staat Mexiko, von dem es erst 1869 abgetrennt wurde, 7082 qkm mit (1900) 161,697 Einw., steigt von der Tierra caliente bis zum Popocatepetl (5420 m) auf und ist sehr vulkanisch. In den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Morelos — Morēlos, Staat in der Republik Mexiko, 7082 qkm, (1900) 160.115 E.; Hauptstadt Cuernavaca; 130 km südöstl. davon die Stadt M., 6269 E.; Anbau von Zuckerrohr …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Morelos I — Morelos I, primer satélite de comunicaciones mexicano. Construido y puesto en órbita bajo contrato dado por la Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes de México. Construido por el Grupo de Espacio y Comunicaciones de Hughes. Es lanzado desde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Morelos — [mō̂ re′lō̂s] state in SC Mexico: 1,908 sq mi (4,942 sq km); pop. 1,195,000; cap. Cuernavaca …   English World dictionary

  • Morelos — This article is about the Mexican state. For the Mexican Independence War leader, see José María Morelos. For the city named for him, see Morelia. For other uses, see Morelos (disambiguation). Morelos Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos… …   Wikipedia

  • Morelos — Para otros usos de este término, véase Morelos (desambiguación). Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos Estado de México …   Wikipedia Español


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