Moray

Moray
/merr"ee/, n.
a historic county in NE Scotland, on Moray Firth. Formerly, Elgin.

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Any of about 80 species (family Muraenidae) of shallow-water eels inhabiting all tropical and subtropical seas.

They live among reefs and rocks and hide in crevices. Their skin is thick, smooth, scaleless, and usually vividly marked or coloured. Most species lack pectoral fins. Morays have a wide mouth and strong, sharp teeth for seizing and holding prey (chiefly other fishes). They attack humans only when disturbed. Most species are less than 5 ft (1.5 m) long, but Thyrsoidea macrurus, of the Pacific Ocean, may grow to more than 11 ft (3.5 m). Morays are sometimes eaten, but their flesh may be toxic and can cause illness or death if consumed.

Green moray (Gymnothorax funebris).

Carleton Ray-Photo Researchers

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formerly called  Elginshire 

      council area and historic county of northeastern Scotland, extending inland from the southern shore of the Moray Firth. The council area and the historic county occupy somewhat different areas. Most of the historic county of Moray lies within the council area of the same name, but the southern portion of the county, including Grantown-on-Spey, is part of the Highland council area. The Moray council area, however, also contains most of the historic county of Banffshire.

      The council area's coast along the Moray Firth on the north is lined with beaches and sand dunes. The Rivers Spey and Findhorn issue from the hills and peat moors in the south and cross a fertile coastal plain to reach the Moray Firth. On Moray's southern boundary the massif of the Cairngorm Mountains rises to nearly 4,000 feet (1,220 metres).

      The Picts (Pict) occupied the area until the 9th century AD, when Kenneth MacAlpin (Kenneth I) united their lands with those of the Scots, and the Pictish lands acquired the name of Moray. Covering a much wider area than the historic county, Moray was one of the seven traditional provinces of ancient Scotland, and it contributed two kings, Macbeth and Lulach (both 11th-century), to Scotland. The ancient province of Moray ceased to exist in the 12th century, but the town of Elgin became the site of the episcopal see of Moray in 1224. Robert I (the Bruce) of Scotland elevated the county of Moray to an earldom and bestowed it upon his nephew, Thomas Randolph, in 1312. Many of the county's villages were ravaged during the English Civil Wars of the mid-17th century. Moray was little affected by the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century, except that the arrival of railways promoted tourism and stimulated the local fishing industry. The chief antiquities in the county are the remains of the cathedral at Elgin, Kinloss Abbey (1150), and Pluscarden Priory (1230).

      The Moray council area consists mainly of forests and agricultural land. Crops include cereals, potatoes, and hay. Beef cattle are bred on the plain, and sheep graze the hills. Lossiemouth and Buckie are active fishing ports. The main manufacturing sectors are food processing (including fish processing), shipbuilding, and the production of equipment for the North Sea oil industry. Moray also produces whisky, especially in the south-central Strathspey region. Salmon fishing along the River Spey, coastal resorts, and picturesque towns and countryside combine to make tourism an important part of the local economy. Elgin is the council area's largest town and commercial and adminstrative centre. Area council area, 864 square miles (2,238 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) council area, 89,030.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Moray — Moireibh Verwaltungssitz Elgin Fläche 2.238 km² (8.) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moray — es el nombre de: la región escocesa de Moray; el programa Moray de modelado en tres dimensiones; el centro de investigación agrícola incaico Moray en el Perú. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si… …   Wikipedia Español

  • moray — ☆ moray [môr′ā; mô rā′, mərā′ ] n. [Port moreia < L muraena, kind of fish < Gr myraina] any of a family (Muraenidae, order Anguilliformes) of voracious eels of warm seas, characterized by brilliant coloring and found esp. among coral reefs …   English World dictionary

  • Moray — En France, le nom est porté dans les Ardennes : il désigne celui qui est originaire d une localité appelée Moray ou Morey (domaine de Maurius ou lieu rocheux, les avis sont partagés). On retrouve le nom en Ecosse, mais là j avoue mon incompétence …   Noms de famille

  • moray — (also moray eel) ► NOUN ▪ an eel like predatory fish of warm seas. ORIGIN Portuguese moréia from Greek muraina …   English terms dictionary

  • Moray — Mor ay, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A mur[ae]na. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Moray — (spr. mórre), Grafschaft, s. Elginshire …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moray — (spr. mörrĕ), schott. Grafschaft, s. Elgin …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moray [2] — Moray, James Stuart, Graf, s. Murray …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moray — m Scottish: variant of MURRAY (SEE Murray), and the more usual spelling of the place name from which the surname is derived …   First names dictionary

  • Moray —    MORAY, county of.    See Elginshire …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland


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