/mon'teuh vi day"oh, -vid"ee oh'/; Sp. /mawn'te vee dhe"aw/, n.a seaport in and the capital of Uruguay. 1,229,748.
* * *Port city (pop., 1996: 1,378,707), capital of Uruguay.Situated on the northern shore of the Río de la Plata estuary, it was founded by the Spanish in 1726 to stem the Portuguese advance into the area from Brazil. From 1807 to 1830 it was alternately occupied by British, Spanish, Argentine, Portuguese, and Brazilian forces. It became the capital of newly independent Uruguay in 1830. A major seaport of South America, it is the commercial, political, and cultural centre of Uruguay. It is the site of Uruguay's only institutions of higher education: the Universidad de la República and the Universidad del Trabajo del Uruguay.
* * *▪ Uruguayprincipal city and capital of Uruguay. It lies on the north shore of the Río de la Plata estuary.Montevideo was founded in 1726 by Bruno Mauricio de Zabala, governor of Buenos Aires, to counteract the Portuguese advance into the area from Brazil. During its early years, Montevideo was mostly a Spanish garrison town. Trade expanded toward the end of the colonial period, and Montevideo's merchants played an important part in securing Uruguayan independence. From 1807 to 1830 Montevideo was alternately occupied by British, Spanish, Argentine, Portuguese, and Brazilian forces, and its trade and population declined. Independence, which came in 1830, did not bring stability. Uruguay was the scene of complicated interaction of local, Argentine, and Brazilian influences that culminated in the nine-year siege of Montevideo by a combined Argentine-Uruguayan army from 1843 to 1851. Montevideo's defenders were assisted by French and English forces that blockaded Buenos Aires. Unexpectedly, Montevideo flourished during the siege and became the major port of the Río de la Plata (Río de la Plata, Viceroyalty of the).The port of Montevideo handles most of Uruguay's foreign trade. The chief exports are wool, meat, and hides. Numerous establishments in the capital process wool, and refrigerated packing plants are equipped to prepare meats. Textile, shoe, soap, match, and clothing factories are located throughout the city. Wines and dairy products also are produced. Uruguay's well-known state enterprises, the ANCAP (Administración Nacional de Combustibles, Alcohol y Portland) oil refineries and cement works, railway shops, and electric-power system are concentrated in Montevideo.The port is the hub of the city's international transport. It is also served by an international airport at Carrasco. Four railroads converge on the city, and roads lead to other principal cities.Higher education in Uruguay is available only in the capital. The University of the Republic was founded in 1849. The Uruguay Workers' University (1878) provides vocational training through industrial and night schools.Montevideo has had theatres since the Casa de Comedias opened in 1795, followed by the San Felipe Theatre. The Solís Theatre, still in existence, was opened in 1856. The city also houses the National Historical Museum (1900), the National Museum of Natural History (1837), the National Museum of Fine Arts (1911), and the National Library of Uruguay (1816). In addition to Batlle y Ordóñez Park, site of the football (soccer) stadium, recreational facilities include many other parks, as well as a line of beaches extending east to Punta del Este, on the Atlantic Ocean. The city is home to about two-fifths of all Uruguayans. Pop. (2004) 1,269,552.
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См. также в других словарях:
Montevideo — «Montevideo» redirige aquí. Para otros usos, véase Montevideo (desambiguación). Montevideo Capital de Uruguay … Wikipedia Español
Montévidéo — Montevideo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Montevideo (homonymie). Vue panoramique de Montevideo … Wikipédia en Français
MONTEVIDEO — MONTEVIDE Capitale de l’Uruguay, Montevideo regroupait, avec 1 248 000 habitants en 1992, 51 p. 100 de la population totale du pays. Cette concentration humaine dans un si petit pays révèle le déséquilibre, non seulement du peuplement uruguayen,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Montevideo — • Located in Uruguay, comprises the whole of the republic Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Montevideo Archdiocese of Montevideo … Catholic encyclopedia
Montevidēo — Montevidēo, Hauptstadt von Uruguay, zugleich des gleichnamigen Departements (664 qkm mit [1902 berechnet] 276,034 Einw.), unter 34°55´ südl. Br. und 56°12´ westl. L., an der Mündung des Rio de la Plata, am Eingang zur 1,5 km breiten Bai von M.,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Montevideo — Montevideo, MN U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 5346 Housing Units (2000): 2551 Land area (2000): 4.490581 sq. miles (11.630552 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.045921 sq. miles (0.118935 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.536502 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Montevideo, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 5346 Housing Units (2000): 2551 Land area (2000): 4.490581 sq. miles (11.630552 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.045921 sq. miles (0.118935 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.536502 sq. miles (11.749487 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Montevideo — es la capital y ciudad más grande de Uruguay. Es además sede administrativa del Mercosur. * * * ► C. cap. de Uruguay y del departamento homónimo (543 km2 y 1 303 942 h), en la orilla N del estuario del Río de la Plata; 1 247 920 h. Engloba… … Enciclopedia Universal
Montevideo — (izg. montevidȅo) m DEFINICIJA luka i glavni grad Urugvaja, 1.312.000 stan … Hrvatski jezični portal
MONTEVIDEO — MONTEVIDEO, capital of Uruguay with a population of 1,200,000, and a Jewish population of 23,500 in 2005 (90.78% of the Jewish population of the country). Some 13,000 former Uruguayan Jews live in Israel. The community was established before… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Montevidēo — 1) früherer Name der südamerikanischen Republik Uruguay, s.d.; 2) Hauptstadt dieses Staates, an der äußersten linken Mündung des Rio de la Plata in den Atlantischen Ocean; Hafen, Citadelle, Kathedrale, Klöster, bedeutender Handel (Curse werden… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon