/mon'teuh ray"/; Sp. /mawn'terdd rdday"/, n.a city in and the capital of Nuevo León, in NE Mexico: battle 1846. 1,500,000.
* * *It lies at an elevation of about 1,750 ft (530 m). It was founded in 1579, but its growth was slow until the late 19th century. In 1846 it was taken by U.S. Gen. Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War. In 1882 rail connections were established with Laredo, Texas, U.S., and in 1930 construction began on the Inter-American Highway, leading to the development of large-scale smelting and heavy-industry enterprises. It has several institutions of higher education.
* * *▪ MexicoIntroductioncity, capital of Nuevo León estado (state), northeastern Mexico. At an elevation of about 1,765 feet (538 metres) in the west-central part of the state, Monterrey sprawls over the semiarid floodplain of the Santa Catarina River, which spills eastward from the flanks of the Sierra Madre Oriental. Parts of the city are set against the scenic backdrop of Mount Silla, which rises above the plain to an elevation of more than 5,500 feet (1,700 metres). Pop. (2000) city, 1,110,909; (2005 est.) urban agglom., 3,596,000.HistoryFounded as a Spanish settlement in 1579, Monterrey grew slowly, owing to Indian resistance, periodic floods, and a lack of mineral wealth. By 1775 it had only a few hundred residents, but in the 19th century the city mushroomed into a major population centre. During the Mexican (Mexican-American War)-American War (1846–48) it was captured by U.S. troops, many of whom ravaged the city before order was restored. Large-scale foreign investment was attracted after 1882, when Monterrey was linked by rail with Laredo, Texas. By the turn of the century, thousands of workers were producing iron, brass, steel, wagons, woolen textiles, beer, and flour. In spite of a devastating flood in 1909, the city continued to develop rapidly, particularly after the Inter-American Highway was begun in 1930.The contemporary cityMonterrey is the heart of one the country's largest urban agglomerations. With a mixture of services and manufacturing, it is also the key to Nuevo León's status as the third largest state economy in Mexico, after the Federal District and the state of México. Heavy industries such as ironworks and steelworks produce steel sheet-rolls and an array of other metal products. Monterrey's wide range of light manufactures include textiles, beer, processed foods, chemicals, and glass and plastic products. On the piedmont to the north and east of the city, irrigated crops are grown, including cotton, citrus fruits, sugarcane, cereals (especially corn [maize] and wheat), and vegetables. Monterrey is the chief Mexican beneficiary of the large Falcon (Falcón) Dam and Reservoir project, on the lower Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte); local rivers also provide hydroelectric power.High-rise hotels and office buildings mark the central business district, above which looms the lava-red Lighthouse of Commerce, a 230-foot (70-metre) observation tower symbolizing the economic aspirations of the city. The city's amenities also include shopping malls, golf courses, and a convention centre, which hosts large trade shows. The varied urban landscape—with slums and fashionable districts sometimes in close proximity—reveals Monterrey's blend of wealthy, middle-class, and poor residents. But its general urban development contrasts strongly with the relative poverty of smaller cities and rural districts.The Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (1943) is one of Mexico's largest educational institutions. The city is also the site of Nuevo León University (1933), Labastida University (1947), the Regiomontana University (1969), and the University of Monterrey (1969). It is on main highways, railroads, and air routes between Laredo, the port of Tampico (on the Gulf of Mexico in Tamaulipas state), and Mexico City.
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MONTERREY — Capitale de l’État de Nuevo León, Monterrey est la troisième ville du Mexique (1 070 000 hab. lors du recensement de 1990) après Mexico et Guadalajara, mais c’est un des principaux centres industriels et financiers du pays. Cette ville est un cas … Encyclopédie Universelle
Monterrey — (Плая дель Инглес,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Alfereces Provisionales 11, 35100 Плая … Каталог отелей
Monterrey — (Росес,Испания) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Passeig Maritim 72 75, 17480 Росес, Испан … Каталог отелей
Monterrey — [mɔntɛ rrɛi̯], Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Nuevo León, Nordostmexiko, 540 m über dem Meeresspiegel auf der Ostabdachung der Sierra Madre Oriental, mit (1995) 1,088 Mio. Einwohnern (1950: 340 000 Einwohner) als Agglomeration die drittgrößte… … Universal-Lexikon
monterrey — (De Monterrey, nombre de su inventor). m. Especie de pastel como el fajardo, de forma abarquillada … Diccionario de la lengua española
Monterrey — [mänt΄ə rā′; ] Sp [ mō̂n′ter rā′] city in NE Mexico: capital of Nuevo León: pop. 3,022,000 … English World dictionary
Monterrey — This article is about the Mexican city. For other uses, see Monterrey (disambiguation). Monterrey City Ciudad de Monterrey City of Monterrey … Wikipedia
Monterrey — Para otros usos de este término, véase Monterrey (desambiguación). Monterrey Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Monterrey — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monterrey (homonymie). Monterrey … Wikipédia en Français
Monterrey — 25.682222222222 100.31111111111537 Koordinaten: 25° 41′ N, 100° 19′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Monterrey — 1 Original name in latin Monterrey Name in other language State code CO Continent/City America/Bogota longitude 4.87206 latitude 72.89879 altitude 435 Population 7759 Date 2011 10 13 2 Original name in latin Monterrey Name in other language Monte … Cities with a population over 1000 database