Monotype

Monotype
/mon"euh tuyp'/, Print., Trademark.
a brand of machine for setting and casting type, consisting of a separate keyboard for producing a paper tape containing holes in a coded pattern so that when this tape is fed into the casting unit each code evokes a unique letter cast from hot metal by a special matrix.

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or monoprint

In art printmaking, a technique prized because of its unique textural qualities.

Monotypes are made by drawing with printer's ink or oil paint onto glass or a plate of metal or stone. The drawing is then pressed by hand onto a sheet of absorbent paper or printed on an etching press. The pigment remaining on the plate is usually insufficient to make another print unless the original design is reinforced. Subsequent prints invariably differ from the first, because variations in repainting and printing are inevitable. In the 19th century, William Blake and Edgar Degas experimented with the technique.

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      (trademark), in commercial printing, typesetting machine patented by Tolbert Lanston in 1885 that produces type in individual characters, unlike Linotype, which sets type an entire line at a time. A Monotype machine consists of a 120-key keyboard, a caster, and a replaceable matrix case divided into quadrants, each holding one complete type font. Using shift keys, the operator can select characters from any quadrant and can mix typefaces among the four fonts without changing cases. The operator types out characters and spacing to produce a paper ribbon perforated to indicate characters and spacing. The ribbon is placed on the caster, which “reads” the perforations and automatically casts the individual characters in succession.

      Like the Linotype, Monotype has been almost completely superseded by photocomposition (q.v.). Monotype was more versatile than Linotype and better suited to complicated copy, such as mathematical equations and chemical formulas. Special symbols were easily incorporated into the cases that held type fonts. Because it was slower and more expensive to operate than Linotype, it was rarely used for setting solid text copy.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Monotype — Taster, Modell „Taster D“ Monoty …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • monotype — [ mɔnɔtip ] n. m. et f. • 1842 adj.; de mono et type 1 ♦ N. m. (fin XIXe) Arts Procédé de peinture ou de gravure permettant d obtenir par impression un exemplaire unique. Les monotypes de Degas. 2 ♦ N. m. Petit voili …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Monotype — Imaging, Inc es una compañía de diseño de tipografías (Type Foundry) responsable de muchas innovaciones en la tecnología de la impresión en particular la máquina Monotype que fue la primera en ser completamente mecánica y en el diseño y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Monotype — Imaging Листинг на бирже …   Википедия

  • Monotype — Mon o*type, Monotypic Mon o*typ ic, a. [Mono + type: cf. F. monotype.] (Biol.) Having but one type; containing but one representative; as, a monotypic genus, which contains but one species. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Monotype —   [ moːnotaɪp, englisch] die, / s, Einzelbuchstaben Bleisetzmaschine, die 1897 von dem Amerikaner Tolbert Lanston (* 1844, ✝ 1913) erfunden wurde (Setzmaschine). Der Einzelbuchstabensatz kann wie im Handsatz bearbeitet werden. Er wird mit zwei… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • monotype — [män′ō tīp΄, män′ətīp΄] n. [ MONO + TYPE] 1. Biol. the only type of its group, as a single species constituting a genus, a single genus constituting a family, etc. 2. Art a) a unique print from a metal or glass plate on which a picture has been… …   English World dictionary

  • Monotype — Mon o*type, 1. [Mono + type.] 1. (Biol.) The only representative of its group, as a single species constituting a genus. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. A print (but one impression can be taken) made by painting on metal and then transferring the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Monotype — Monotype, Lanstons, s. Setzmaschine, S. III …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • monotype — / monətaip/, it. /mɔno taip/ s. ingl. [comp. di mono e type tipo, carattere tipografico ], usato in ital. al femm., invar. (tecn., tipogr.) [macchina compositrice che fonde e compone un carattere alla volta] ▶◀ (non com.) monotipo. ‖ linotype …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • monotype — 1881 in biology; 1882 in printers arts; 1893 as a brand name of typesetting machine; see MONO (Cf. mono ) + TYPE (Cf. type) …   Etymology dictionary


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