Mongo


Mongo
/mong"goh/, n.
1. a member of any of various agricultural peoples of the central Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2. the Bantu language of the Mongo peoples.

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Any of several peoples living in the African equatorial forest.

They speak a dialect of a common language, Mongo or Nkundo, which belongs to the Niger-Congo language family. The Mongo traditionally cultivated cassava and bananas in addition to hunting, fishing, and gathering. Mongo religion emphasizes ancestor worship and nature spirits; it also features magic and witchcraft. Their art has been mainly oral, and they have a rich talking-drum and song literature. They number some five million.

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people
      any of several peoples living in the African equatorial forest, south of the main Congo River bend and north of the Kasai and Sankuru rivers in Congo (Kinshasa). They include such ethnic groups as the Bokote, Ekonda, Bolia, Sengele, Ntomba, Ndengese, Songomeno, Mbole, Bongandu, Boyela, Nkutu, and Tetela-Kusu. They speak dialects of a common language, Mongo or Nkundo, a member of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo languages. Many groups are disappearing because of falling birth rate.

      The Mongo traditionally cultivated cassava and bananas but also relied on wild-plant gathering, fishing, and hunting. Their material culture was generally simple, though some hunting and fishing techniques were well developed. Descent was patrilineal, and communities were grouped in lineages stemming from a single ancestor. Lineage elders were invested with authority that derived partly from religious sources. Because there was no organization other than the lineage, feuds, covenants between lineages, and marriage payments were means of solving issues that arose between lineages. Only among some southern groups did there exist a true chieftainship, based upon divine right.

      Mongo religion placed strong emphasis on ancestor worship and on beliefs in nature spirits responsible for fertility, as well as on magic, sorcery, and witchcraft. Witch-finding cults were prominent, and divination played an important role in them. Mongo art was mainly oral, and their talking-drum literature and songs showed a rich artistic content.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mongo — may refer to: Contents 1 Geographic 2 People 3 Other uses 4 See also Geographic Mongo, Chad, a city …   Wikipedia

  • Mongo — ist der Name folgender geographischer Objekte: Mongo (Tschad), Stadt im Tschad Mongo (Fluss), Fluss in Guinea und Sierra Leone Mongo (Indiana), Ort in Indiana, USA Mongo ist der Name folgender Personen: Mongo Beti (1932–2001), kamerunischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MONGO — Les Mongo habitent la forêt équatoriale qui occupe, dans le nord du Zaïre, la cuvette limitée par la boucle du Congo à l’ouest, au nord et à l’est, et par le Kasaï au sud. Ils parlent une langue bantoue diversifiée en dialectes. Les principales… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mongo — MÓNGO s.m. Monedă divizionară în Mongolia, valorând a suta parte dintr un tugrik. [pl. os. / < germ. Mongo < cuv. mongol]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 14.06.2005. Sursa: DN  MÓNGO s. m. monedă divizionară în Mongolia, a suta parte dintr un… …   Dicționar Român

  • mongo — (Vigna mungo) m. Cierta legumbre de Filipinas, de forma de judía, pero de tamaño y sabor de lenteja. ⇒ *Planta. * * * mongo1. (Quizá del lat. monăchus, monje; cf. cat. mongeta, alubia). m. Especie de judía cuya semilla es más pequeña que una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • mongo — [mäŋ′gō] n. pl. mongos a monetary unit of Mongolia, equal to 1/ 100 of a tugrik …   English World dictionary

  • mongo — mongo1 /mong goh/, n., pl. mongos. mungo. Also, mongoe. mongo2 /mong goh/, n., pl. mongo, mongos. an aluminum coin and monetary unit of the Mongolian People s Republic, the 100th part of a tugrik. [ < Mod. Mongolian möngö lit., silver, money] * * …   Universalium

  • mongo — (MAWNG.goh) n. Objects retrieved from the garbage. Example Citations: The most surprising mongo hunter is Iver Iversen, an expert in historical restoration who spends a good portion of his free time climbing into dumpsters parked outside Upper… …   New words

  • Mongo — El término mongo puede referirse a: Mongo: centésima parte del tugrik mongol. Parque Natural del Macizo del Montgó; Mongo Santamaría, conguero cubano; Monguito Santamaría, pianista cubano de soul y salsa; Monguito, cantante cubano de son y salsa …   Wikipedia Español

  • mongo — noun (plural mongo) Etymology: Mongolian möngö Date: 1935 see tugrik at money table …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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