Monarchianism


Monarchianism
Monarchian, adj., n.Monarchianist, n.
/meuh nahr"kee euh niz'euhm/, n. Theol.
any of several doctrines of the Christian church in the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D., emphasizing the unity of God by maintaining that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost are three manifestations or aspects of God.
[1835-45; Monarchian ( < LL monarchianus; see MONARCHY, -AN) + -ISM]

* * *

▪ Christian heresy
      a Christian heresy that developed during the 2nd and 3rd centuries. It opposed the doctrine of an independent, personal subsistence of the Logos, affirmed the sole deity of God the Father, and thus represented the extreme monotheistic view. Though it regarded Christ as Redeemer, it clung to the numerical unity of the Deity. Two types of Monarchianism developed: the Dynamic (or Adoptionist) and the Modalistic (or Sabellian).

      Dynamic Monarchianism held that Christ was a mere man, miraculously conceived, but constituted the Son of God simply by the infinitely high degree in which he had been filled with divine wisdom and power. This view was taught at Rome about the end of the 2nd century by Theodotus, who was excommunicated by Pope Victor, and taught somewhat later by Artemon, who was excommunicated by Pope Zephyrinus. About 260 it was again taught by Paul of Samosata. It is the belief of many modern Unitarians.

      Modalistic Monarchianism took exception to the “subordinationism” of some of the Church Fathers and maintained that the names Father and Son were only different designations of the same subject, the one God, who “with reference to the relations in which He had previously stood to the world is called the Father, but in reference to His appearance in humanity is called the Son.” It was taught by Praxeas, a priest from Asia Minor, in Rome c. 206 and was opposed by Tertullian in the tract Adversus Praxean (c. 213), an important contribution to the doctrine of the Trinity. See also Sabellianism; Adoptionism.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monarchianism — is a set of beliefs that emphasize God as being one person.[1][2][3] The term was given to Christians who upheld the monarchy of God against the Logos theology of Justin Martyr and apologists who had spoken of Jesus as a second divine person… …   Wikipedia

  • Monarchianism — [mə när′kē ən iz΄əm] n. [see MONARCH, AN, & ISM] the doctrine of several 2d and 3d cent. Christian sects that denied the Trinity altogether or denied the equality of the three persons of the Trinity Monarchian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • monarchianism — ēəˌnizəm noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized : an anti Trinitarian doctrine or theory current in the Christian church of the 2d and 3d centuries A.D. in several forms and having as a common principle a belief that God is a single person as well… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Monarchianism — noun see Monarchian …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • monarchianism — mo·nar·chi·an·ism …   English syllables

  • Monarchianism — Mo•nar•chi•an•ism [[t]məˈnɑr ki əˌnɪz əm[/t]] n. rel any of several Christian doctrines in the 2nd and 3rd centuries a.d., emphasizing the unity of God • Etymology: 1835–45; Monarchian (< LL monarchiānus; see monarchy, an I) + ism… …   From formal English to slang

  • Monarchianism, Dynamic —  Монархианство динамическое …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Modalism (Monarchianism) — • The so called Dynamic Monarchians were actually a form of adoptionism. Monarchianism, properly speaking, refers to the Modalists. Denial of the Trinity, assertion that there is only one Divine Person, who appears in three different roles.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • dynamic monarchianism — noun Usage: usually capitalized D&M : the doctrine that Christ was a mere man who was made son of God by adoption called also dynamistic monarchianism …   Useful english dictionary

  • dynamistic monarchianism — noun Usage: usually capitalized D&M : dynamic monarchianism …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.